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Eosinophilic oesophagitis: a systematic review for otolaryngologists

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 October 2015

M Bahgat
Affiliation:
Department of ENT, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK
N Dawe
Affiliation:
Department of ENT, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK
L Flood*
Affiliation:
Department of ENT, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK
*
Address for correspondence: Mr Liam Flood, Department of ENT, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough TS4 3BW, UK E-mail: liam.flood@nhs.net

Abstract

Background:

Eosinophilic oesophagitis is a chronic, immune/antigen-mediated oesophageal disease, only recently, but increasingly, recognised in the world literature. It is diagnosed and managed primarily by medical gastroenterologists and allergy specialists, and is a distinct disease entity, affecting both children and adults. Few studies have been published in otolaryngology journals, although otolaryngologists will encounter patients with undiagnosed eosinophilic oesophagitis. Patients may present with dysphagia, bolus obstruction or with other ENT disorders, such as atopic rhinitis, reflecting the underlying systemic allergic disorder.

Objective:

This paper systematically reviews the evidence base published on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of eosinophilic oesophagitis, particularly as it relates to otolaryngology practice.

Type
Review Articles
Copyright
Copyright © JLO (1984) Limited 2015 

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