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Three-dimensional printing as a tool in otolaryngology training: a systematic review

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 December 2019

G Chen
Affiliation:
3dMedLab, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
M Jiang
Affiliation:
3dMedLab, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
J Coles-Black*
Affiliation:
3dMedLab, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Australia Department of Vascular Surgery, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Australia
K Mansour
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia
J Chuen
Affiliation:
3dMedLab, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Australia Department of Vascular Surgery, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Australia
D Amott
Affiliation:
Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery Unit, Northern Hospital, Australia
*
Author for correspondence: Dr Jasamine Coles-Black, Department of Vascular Surgery, Austin Health, 145 Studley Road, Heidelberg3084, Victoria, Australia E-mail: jasaminecb@gmail.com

Abstract

Objective

Three-dimensional printing is a revolutionary technology that is disrupting the status quo in surgery. It has been rapidly adopted by otolaryngology as a tool in surgical simulation for high-risk, low-frequency procedures. This systematic review comprehensively evaluates the contemporary usage of three-dimensional printed otolaryngology simulators.

Method

A systematic review of the literature was performed with narrative synthesis.

Results

Twenty-two articles were identified for inclusion, describing models that span a range of surgical tasks (temporal bone dissection, airway procedures, functional endoscopic sinus surgery and endoscopic ear surgery). Thirty-six per cent of articles assessed construct validity (objective measures); the other 64 per cent only assessed face and content validity (subjective measures). Most studies demonstrated positive feedback and high confidence in the models’ value as additions to the curriculum.

Conclusion

Whilst further studies supported with objective metrics are merited, the role of three-dimensional printed otolaryngology simulators is poised to expand in surgical training given the enthusiastic reception from trainees and experts alike.

Type
Review Articles
Copyright
Copyright © JLO (1984) Limited, 2019

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Footnotes

Dr J Coles-Black takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

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