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Tissue transfer to post-chemoradiation salvage laryngectomy defects to prevent pharyngocutaneous fistula: single-centre experience

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 April 2014

J Powell
Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
U R Ullal
Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
O Ahmed
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
M Ragbir
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
V Paleri*
Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Address for correspondence: Mr V Paleri, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE7 7DN, UK Fax: (44) 191 223 1246 E-mail:



In recent practice, we have used tissue transfer (pedicled or free flap) to augment the pharyngeal circumference of the neopharynx following salvage total laryngectomy, even in patients who have sufficient pharyngeal mucosa for primary closure. In this study, the rates of pharyngocutaneous fistula were compared in soft tissue flap reconstructed patients versus patients who underwent primary closure.


A retrospective assessment was carried out of all patients who had undergone a salvage total laryngectomy between 2000 and 2010. The presence or absence of a pharyngocutaneous fistula was compared in those who received reconstruction closure versus those who received primary closure.


The reconstruction closure group (n = 7) had no incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula, whereas the primary closure group (n = 38) had 10 fistulas, giving pharyngocutaneous fistula rates of 0 per cent versus 26 per cent, respectively.


The findings revealed a lower rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula with tissue transfer compared with primary closure of the neopharynx.

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Copyright © JLO (1984) Limited 2014 

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