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    Mungan, Dilşad 2015. Occupational Allergic Rhinitis: What Do We Know?. Current Treatment Options in Allergy, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 10.

    Sublett, J. Wesley and Bernstein, David I. 2011. Occupational Rhinitis. Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America, Vol. 31, Issue. 4, p. 787.

    Braun, J.-J. 2010. Riniti professionali. EMC - Otorinolaringoiatria, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Braun, J.-J. 2009. Rhinites professionnelles. EMC - Oto-rhino-laryngologie, Vol. 4, Issue. 3, p. 1.

    Braun, J.-J. 2009. Rinitis profesionales. EMC - Otorrinolaringología, Vol. 38, Issue. 4, p. 1.

    Moscato, Gianna Vandenplas, Olivier Van Wijk, Roy Gerth Malo, Jean-Luc Perfetti, Luca Quirce, Santiago Walusiak, Jolanta Castano, Roberto Pala, Gianni Gautrin, Denyse De Groot, Hans Folletti, Ilenia Yacoub, Mona Rita and Siracusa, Andrea 2009. EAACI position paper on occupational rhinitis. Respiratory Research, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,

    Seed, M J Gittins, M Vocht, F De and Agius, R M 2009. Occupational rhinitis and occupational asthma; one airway two diseases?. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 151, p. 012065.

    Moscato, G. Vandenplas, O. Gerth Van Wijk, R. Malo, J. L. Quirce, S. Walusiak, J. Castano, R. De Groot, H. Folletti, I. Gautrin, D. Yacoub, M. R. Perfetti, L. and Siracusa, A. 2008. Occupational rhinitis. Allergy, Vol. 63, Issue. 8, p. 969.

    Seed, Martin J Cullinan, Paul and Agius, Raymond M 2008. Methods for the prediction of low-molecular-weight occupational respiratory sensitizers. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 103.

    Castano, Roberto Thériault, Gilles and Gautrin, Denyse 2007. Categorizing nasal septal perforations of occupational origin as cases of corrosive rhinitis. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 50, Issue. 2, p. 150.


Defining and classifying occupational rhinitis

  • R Castano (a1) and G Thériault (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 19 July 2006

Three categories of rhinitis may occur in the workplace: occupational rhinitis, work-aggravated rhinitis and rhinitis-like conditions. In the present paper, we propose a new definition and a new classification of occupational rhinitis that takes into account mechanisms of induction as well as clinical presentation. In parallel with occupational asthma, occupational rhinitis is defined as a type of rhinitis characterized by intermittent or sometimes permanent nasal airflow limitation due to causes and conditions attributable to the work environment. Occupational rhinitis is classified according to its mechanism of induction as immunological or irritant-induced (non-immunological) rhinitis. Occupational rhinitis of the immunological type can itself be episodic or persistent, whereas the non-immunological type is subdivided into acute, chronic and corrosive.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Roberto Castano, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Centre de Recherche/Pneumologie, 5400 Boulevard Gouin, Ouest, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H4J 1C5. E-mail:
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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