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Electrode design and insertional depth-dependent intra-cochlear pressure changes: a model experiment

  • P Mittmann (a1), A Ernst (a1) and I Todt (a1)
Abstract
Background:

Preservation of residual hearing is one of the major goals in modern cochlear implant surgery. Intra-cochlear fluid pressure changes influence residual hearing, and should be kept low before, during and after cochlear implant insertion.

Methods:

Experiments were performed in an artificial cochlear model. A pressure sensor was inserted in the apical part. Five insertions were performed on two electrode arrays. Each insertion was divided into three parts, and statistically evaluated in terms of pressure peak frequency and pressure peak amplitude.

Results:

The peak frequency over each third part of the electrode increased in both electrode arrays. A slight increase was seen in peak amplitude in the lateral wall electrode array, but not in the midscalar electrode array. Significant differences were found in the first third of both electrode arrays.

Conclusion:

The midscalar and lateral wall electrode arrays have different intra-cochlear fluid pressure changes associated with intra-cochlear placement, electrode characteristics and insertion.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Philipp Mittmann, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Warener Str. 7, 12683 Berlin, Germany Fax: +49 30 5681 4303 E-mail: philipp.mittmann@gmail.com
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  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
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