Surgical techniques for resistant chronic rhinitis (rhinorrhoea) vary, ranging from vidian neurectomy to post-nasal neurectomy. The techniques vary mainly on the basis of instrumentation, and the avoidance of post-operative epistaxis, transient hypoesthesia of the soft palate and dryness of the eye. Endoscopic visualisation, and cauterisation or resection of posterior nasal nerve branches, can prevent such complications.
The technique and surgical steps of endoscopic posterior nasal neurectomy are presented.
The critical steps include: bilateral sphenopalatine nerve blocks, transnasally or transorally via the greater palatine foramen; vertical incisions made behind the posterior fontanelle; and elevation of the mucoperiosteal flap. The sphenopalatine foramen and artery is identified. The posterior nasal nerve is located 4–5 mm inferior to the sphenopalatine artery, and is resected or cauterised. The flaps are repositioned back into place. No post-operative nasal packing is required. The same procedure is performed on the opposite side for effective results.
This technique provides consistent, robust results, with long-term relief of allergic and vasomotor rhinitis related nasal symptoms, without risk of complication.
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