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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Frisch, Christopher D. Driscoll, Colin L.W. and Neff, Brian A. 2014. Paraganglioma of the facial canal: A report of 2 cases and literature review. American Journal of Otolaryngology, Vol. 35, Issue. 6, p. 800.

    Takahashi, Kuniyuki Yamamoto, Yutaka Ohshima, Shinsuke Morita, Yuka and Takahashi, Sugata 2014. Primary paraganglioma in the facial nerve canal. Auris Nasus Larynx, Vol. 41, Issue. 1, p. 93.

    Ross, Lindsey Drazin, Doniel Eboli, Paula and Lekovic, Gregory P. 2013. Atypical tumors of the facial nerve: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurgical Focus, Vol. 34, Issue. 3, p. E2.

    Künzel, Julian Zenk, Johannes Koch, Michael Hornung, Joachim and Iro, Heinrich 2012. Paraganglioma of the facial nerve, a rare differential diagnosis for facial nerve paralysis: case report and review of the literature. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Vol. 269, Issue. 2, p. 693.

    Steiner, Michael A. Khan, Majid May, Byron B. Schlakman, Bruce and Vijayakumar, Vani 2009. Giant recurrent glomus jugulotympanicum with intracranial, extracranial, and nasophayngeal extension: The imaging role in clinical management. Radiology Case Reports, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 314.


Extracranial glomus faciale tumour

  • S E J Connor (a1), M J Gleeson (a2) and E Odell (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2007

To describe a unique presentation of a predominantly extracranial glomus faciale tumour. To discuss the role of imaging in the differential diagnosis and evaluation of a hypervascular parotid mass. To review the previous literature concerning the glomus faciale tumour.

Case report:

A 54-year-old woman presented with a six-month history of facial weakness, pain and a parotid mass. Ultrasound revealed a hypervascular parotid mass and pre-operative core biopsy suggested a paraganglioma. Computed tomography defined its deep extent and demonstrated involvement of the petrous temporal bone along the descending portion of the facial nerve canal with a pattern of permeative lucency. A tumour was surgically removed which arose from the facial nerve from the second genu to the proximal divisions within the parotid gland and histology confirmed a paraganglioma.


A facial nerve glomus faciale tumour should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a hypervascular parotid mass and may present in a predominantly extracranial location. Computed tomography will prove helpful in such a case in order to limit the differential diagnosis and to define the extent of skull base involvement.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr S E J Connor, Neuroradiology Department, Ruskin Wing, Kings College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS, UK Fax: 44 207 346 3120 E-mail:
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2MF Mafee , B Raofi , A Kumar , C Muscato . Glomus faciale, glomus jugulare, glomus tympanicum, glomus vagale, carotid body tumors, and stimulating lesions: role of MR imaging. Radiol Clin North Am 2000;38:1059–76

4PO Dutcher , DE Brackman . Glomus tumor of the facial canal: A case report. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986;112:986–7

5RE Kania , D Bouccara , J-M Colombani , G Molas , O Sterkers . Primary facial canal paraganglioma. Am J Otolaryngol 1999;20:318–22

7FJ Wippold , JG Neely , BH Haughey . Primary paraganglioma of the facial nerve canal. Otol Neurotol 2004;25:7980

8SR Guild . The glomus jugulare, a nonchromaffin paraganglion, in man. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1953;62:1045–71

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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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