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Global burden of hearing impairment and ear disease

  • K Graydon (a1), C Waterworth (a1), H Miller (a2) (a3) and H Gunasekera (a4)

Hearing loss can present at birth or be acquired as a result of illness, middle-ear disease, injury, age, overuse of certain medications, and/or induced by exposure to damaging noise levels. There are serious short-term consequences for people living with hearing impairment, including the effects on language acquisition, education, employment and overall wellbeing. There are also complex long-term implications.


This review aimed to present some of the leading causes of ear disease and hearing loss globally, and to identify their impact at both an individual and societal level.

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Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: Kelley Graydon, Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, University of Melbourne, 550 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia E-mail: Fax: +61 3 9347 1535
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