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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Youngs, Robin and Fisher, Edward 2014. Looking at the evidence. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, Vol. 128, Issue. 01, p. 1.


    Youngs, Robin and Fisher, Edward 2013. Focus on the external auditory canal. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, Vol. 127, Issue. 11, p. 1045.


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Is there a change in the epidemiology of nasal fractures in females in the UK?

  • A Trinidade (a1), M A Buchanan (a2), A Farboud (a3), Z Andreou (a1), S Ewart (a2), G Mochloulis (a2), P Kothari (a1), A C Frosh (a2) and P V Vlastarakos (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215113002260
  • Published online: 17 October 2013
Abstract
AbstractObjective:

To determine whether there is a change in the epidemiology of nasal fractures in females in the UK, and the potential contribution of the ‘ladette’ culture.

Methods:

This paper reports a multi-centre retrospective study. Operating theatre data for all females who underwent manipulation of nasal fractures under anaesthesia between 2002 and 2009 were analysed. In addition, the case notes of all females presenting with nasal fractures over a five-year period (2004–2009) were retrospectively reviewed and the cited cause of the fracture was noted.

Results:

From 2002 to 2009, there was an 825 per cent increase in nasal fractures in women aged 13–20 years. Almost one-quarter of all nasal fractures in one centre was attributed to non-domestic violence. The highest incidence of nasal fractures (67 per cent) was amongst white British females.

Conclusion:

There is an increasing trend in the number of women sustaining nasal fractures in the UK. The cause may be multi-factorial, but could be partially attributed to a rise in ladette culture. Further research on the role of alcohol consumption in this phenomenon is needed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr P V Vlastarakos, 33 Wetherby Close, Stevenage, SG1 5RX, UK Fax: 0044 (0)1438 781849 E-mail: pevlast@hotmail.com
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1M Rollin . Patterns of referral for fractured nose during major sporting events. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2008;90:689–91

5M Ellsberg , L Heise , R Peña , S Agurto , A Winkvist . Researching domestic violence against women: methodological and ethical considerations. Stud Fam Plann 2001;32:116

7AJ Shaphiro , R Johnson , SF Miller , MC McCarthy . Facial fractures in a level I trauma centre: the importance of protective devices and alcohol abuse. Injury 2001;32:353–6

9DJ Smith , S McVie . Theory and method in the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime. Br J Criminol 2003;43:169–95

11V Sivarajasingam , K Matthews , J Shepherd . Price of beer and violence-related injury in England and Wales. Injury 2006;37:388–94

18M Plant , M Plant . Heavy drinking by young British women gives cause for concern. BMJ 2001;323:1183

19J Payne-James , D Rogers . Drug-facilitated sexual assault, ‘ladettes’ and alcohol. J R Soc Med 2002;95:326–7

21CL Randall , JS Roberts , FK Del Boca , KM Carroll , GJ Connors , ME Mattson . Telescoping of landmark events associated with drinking: a gender comparison. J Stud Alcohol 1999;60:252–60

22C Jackson , P Tinkler . ‘Ladettes’ and ‘modern girls’: ‘troublesome’ young femininities. Sociol Rev 2007;55:251–72

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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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