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Malignant otitis externa, an increasing burden in the twenty-first century: review of cases in a UK teaching hospital, with a proposed algorithm for diagnosis and management

  • K H Hutson (a1) and G J Watson (a2)

Abstract

Background

Malignant otitis externa is a potentially fatal infection of the skull base. With an ageing population and increasing prevalence of diabetes, the incidence of malignant otitis externa in the British population is rising. To date, there remain no accepted diagnostic criteria, few prognostic indicators and no consensus treatment pathways.

Method

A prospective case series was conducted at a tertiary referral teaching hospital.

Results

A cohort of susceptible individuals predominates (elderly, male, with immunosuppression and diabetes), with 25 per cent reporting a preceding incident. Otorrhoea, otalgia and canal granulation were the commonest presenting features, alongside positive pseudomonas cultures. No clear markers for predicating disease severity were isolated; however, a high initial haemoglobin A1c level demonstrated a significant moderately positive correlation with length of treatment.

Conclusion

A treatment pathway designed to provide a standardised approach to investigation and treatment is proposed, which aims to increase earlier diagnosis, streamline care and facilitate the development of best practice.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Mr G J Watson, Otolaryngology Head and Neck Department, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK E-mail: glen.watson@sth.nhs.uk Fax: +44 (0)114 271 1985

Footnotes

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Mr G J Watson takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

Presented at the 31st Politzer Society meeting, 21–24 February 2018, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

Footnotes

References

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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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