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Paediatric tracheostomy tubes: recent developments and our current practice

  • D J Tweedie (a1), J Cooke (a2), K A Stephenson (a2), S L Gupta (a2), C M Pepper (a1), M D Elloy (a3), L A Cochrane (a2) and M E Wyatt (a2)...

A variety of paediatric tracheostomy tubes are available. This article reviews the tubes in current use at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children and Evelina London Children's Hospital.


This paper outlines our current preferences, and the particular indications for different tracheostomy tubes, speaking valves and other attachments.


Our preferred types of tubes have undergone significant design changes. This paper also reports further experience with certain tubes that may be useful in particular circumstances. An updated sizing chart is included for reference purposes.


The choice of a paediatric tracheostomy tube remains largely determined by individual clinical requirements. Although we still favour a small range of tubes for use in the majority of our patients, there are circumstances in which other varieties are indicated.

Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: Mr D J Tweedie, Department of Paediatric Otolaryngology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London SE1 7EH, UK E-mail:
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Mr DJ Tweedie takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

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1Irving, RM, Jones, NS, Bailey, CM, Melville, J. A guide to the selection of paediatric tracheostomy tubes. J Laryngol Otol 1991;105:1046–51
2Wyatt, ME, Bailey, CM, Whiteside, JC. Update on paediatric tracheostomy tubes. J Laryngol Otol 1999;113:3540
3Tweedie, DJ, Skilbeck, CJ, Cooke, J, Wyatt, ME. Choosing a paediatric tracheostomy tube: an update of current practice. J Laryngol Otol 2007;10:19
4Phillips, PS, Kubba, H, Hartley, BE, Albert, DM. The use of the Montgomery T-tube in difficult paediatric airways. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2006;70:3944
5Stern, Y, Willging, JP, Cotton, RT. Use of Montgomery T-tube in laryngotracheal reconstruction in children: is it safe? Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1998;107:1006–9
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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