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Parotid lymphoepithelial cysts in human immunodeficiency virus: a review

  • D Sujatha (a1), K Babitha (a1), R S Prasad (a1) and A Pai (a1)

Abstract

Background:

Many patients with human immunodeficiency virus present with atypical features. Early indicators of human immunodeficiency virus are scarce and hence most affected patients are diagnosed in the later stages of the disease, which is associated with poor prognosis. Salivary gland disease usually develops before acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and is sometimes the first manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Salivary gland lesions include benign lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland, which are seen in 3–6 per cent of patients. Many of the reported lesions are diagnosed on routine examination.

Objective:

This review aimed to highlight the association between parotid gland benign lymphoepithelial cyst and human immunodeficiency virus infection, in order to aid early diagnosis and management of the disease.

Conclusion:

Human immunodeficiency virus testing is recommended for patients with benign lymphoepithelial cysts, as this can often be the first indication of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts are important diagnostic and prognostic indicators in human immunodeficiency virus infection.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Dr K Babitha, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, The Oxford Dental College, Bommanahalli, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560068, Karnataka, India E-mail: dr.babitha.k@gmail.com

References

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