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A randomised controlled study of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation therapy in the management of tinnitus

  • M Arif (a1), M Sadlier (a2), D Rajenderkumar (a3), J James (a4) and T Tahir (a5)...

Psychotherapeutic interventions have been adopted effectively in the management of tinnitus for a long time. This study compared mindfulness meditation and relaxation therapy for management of tinnitus.


In this randomised controlled trial, patients were recruited for five sessions of mindfulness meditation or five sessions of relaxation therapy. Patients’ responses were evaluated using the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire as a primary outcome measure, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, visual analogue scale and a health status indicator as secondary outcome measures.


A total of 86 patients were recruited. Thirty-four patients completed mindfulness meditation and 27 patients completed relaxation therapy. Statistically significant improvement was seen in all outcome measures except the health status indicator in both treatment groups. The change in treatment scores was greater in the mindfulness meditation group than in the relaxation therapy group.


This study suggests that although both mindfulness meditation and relaxation therapy are effective in the management of tinnitus, mindfulness meditation is superior to relaxation therapy.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Mr Mohamed Arif, Department of ENT, Glangwili Hospital, Carmarthen SA31 2AF, Wales, UK E-mail:
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