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Simulation training in laser safety education: the use of technical and non-technical skills simulation in a comprehensive laser safety course

  • C Hall (a1), S Okhovat (a2), T D Milner (a3), J Montgomery (a2), A Hitchings (a2), T Kunanandam (a3) and W A Clement (a3)...



The completion of a laser safety course remains a core surgical curriculum requirement for otolaryngologists training in the UK. This project aimed to develop a comprehensive laser safety course utilising both technical and non-technical skills simulation.


Otolaryngology trainees and consultants from the West of Scotland Deanery attended a 1-day course comprising lectures, two high-fidelity simulation scenarios and a technical simulation of safe laser use in practice.


The course, and in particular the use of simulation training, received excellent feedback from otolaryngology trainees and consultants who participated. Both simulation scenarios were validated for future use in laser simulation.


The course has been recognised as a laser safety course sufficient for the otolaryngology Certificate of Completion of Training. To the authors’ knowledge, this article represents the first description of using in situ non-technical skills simulation training for teaching laser use in otolaryngology.


Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Mr Thomas Daniel Milner, Department of Otolaryngology, Royal Hospital for Children, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow. G514TF, Scotland, UK E-mail:


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Mr T D Milner takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper



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