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Women in otorhinolaryngology: a historical perspective

  • S Konstantinidou (a1) and M Adams (a1)
Abstract
Background

Otorhinolaryngology has an extensive history that spans nearly five millennia, and the history of women as medical and surgical practitioners stretches back to at least 3500 BC.

Objectives

To explore the history of women in ENT from ancient to modern times, and discover their fascinating role in this field over the years.

Method

A literature review was conducted using Google Scholar and PubMed.

Results

In ancient and medieval times, there were female doctors accomplished in areas pertaining to ENT. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, inspirational women pioneers paved the way for modern female ENT surgeons. This led to a rapid increase in the representation of female otorhinolaryngologists in clinical practice and authorship over the last fifty years.

Conclusion

The contribution of women to otorhinolaryngology has evolved since ancient times and the greatest advancement has occurred within the last two hundred years.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: Dr Sevasti Konstantinidou, Room A-107, Hospital Accommodation, SWAH, 124 Irvinestown Road, Enniskillen BT74 6DN, Northern Ireland, UK E-mail: sevastgk@hotmail.com
Footnotes
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Dr S Konstantinidou takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

Presented orally at the British Society for the History of ENT Annual Meeting, 30 November 2017, London, UK.

Footnotes
References
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2Pastena, JA. Women in surgery: an ancient tradition. Arch Surg 1993;128:622–6
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4Parker, HM. Women doctors in Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire. In: Furst, LR, ed. Women Healers and Physicians: Climbing a Long Hill. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1997;131–50
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13Royal College of Surgeons. Biographical Entry: Hadfield, Esmé Havelock (1921–1992). In: https://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E007976b.htm [20 September 2017]
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19NHS Workforce Statistics. Doctors in the otolaryngology specialty by grade and gender, by headcount and full time equivalent supplementary. In: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20180328132045/http://content.digital.nhs.uk/article/7572/2017-Supplementary-information-files [6 July 2018]
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21Rosenfeld, RM. Clinical research in otolaryngology journals. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1991;117:164–70
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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