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The Declining Role of Latin America in Global Agricultural Trade, 1963–2000


In the second half of the twentieth century, Latin American countries lost a substantial part of their importance in worldwide exports of agricultural and food products. Given this context, the objective of this article is to analyse the determinants of the evolution of agricultural exports from Latin America, paying special attention to the influence of regional processes of economic integration on exports and to their degree of participation in intra-industrial trade. We propose a gravity model with a data panel of total exports and product groups for six Latin American countries towards 39 destinations between 1963 and 2000.

Spanish abstract

En la segunda mitad del siglo XX, los países latinoamericanos han perdido una parte sustancial de su importancia en las exportaciones mundiales de productos agrarios y alimentos. En este contexto, nuestro trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar los determinantes de la evolución de las exportaciones agrarias de América Latina, prestando especial atención a la influencia en ellas de los procesos regionales de integración económica y a su grado de participación en el comercio intra-industrial. Se plantea un modelo de gravedad con un panel de datos de las exportaciones totales y por grupos de productos, de seis países latinoamericanos hacia 39 destinos, entre 1963 y 2000.

Portuguese abstract

Na segunda metade do século XX, países latino-americanos perderam uma parte substancial de sua importância nas exportações mundiais de produtos agrícolas e alimentícios. Dado este contexto, o objetivo de nossa pesquisa é analisar os fatores determinantes da evolução das exportações de produtos agrícolas oriundos da América Latina, focando especialmente na influência de processos regionais de integração econômica nas exportações e na participação destas no comércio intra-industrial. Propomos um modelo gravitacional com um painel de dados com o total das exportações e grupos de produtos exportados por seis países latino-americanos para 39 destinos diferentes entre 1963 e 2000.

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Journal of Latin American Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-216X
  • EISSN: 1469-767X
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-latin-american-studies
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