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A contingency perspective on employees' voice behavior in response to career plateau beliefs

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 July 2021

Dirk De Clercq*
Goodman School of Business, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario L2S 3A1, Canada
Author for correspondence: Dirk De Clercq, E-mail:


With a conceptual basis in conservation of resources theory, this paper investigates the relationship between employees' career plateau beliefs and their voice behavior, using parallel arguments that reflect resource-conservation versus resource-acquisition logics. The career plateau beliefs–voice behavior link, whether negative or positive, might be invigorated when employees encounter adversity in the workplace, such as due to work pressures (work overload and work–family conflict) or because of how their organization makes decisions (organizational politics and organizational underperformance). Survey data from employees in the Canadian information technology sector provide empirical support for the resource-acquisition logic: career plateau beliefs enhance employees' propensity to offer ideas for organizational improvement, particularly if they suffer from excessive workloads or conflicting work–family demands, perceive organizational decision making as political, and are unhappy about their organization's performance. These novel insights point to the critical role of a stagnated career in triggering, instead of dampening, proactive voice behaviors.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press and Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management 2021

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