Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Flechsig on the Localisation of Mental Processes in the Brain

  • W. W. Ireland
Extract

Two Treatises∗ recently published contain the views of Professor Flechsig, of Leipzig, upon the present state of our knowledge of brain function. The first is in the form of an oration delivered in 1894 in the University Church of Leipzig, of which a new edition appeared last year. The second is a shorter pamphlet, which contains an account of the most recent researches in the structure of the brain. In the oration the notes occupy three times the space of the text; in the other treatise the notes are not so long. In both these notes are important, and form in some passages the most interesting part of the work. He holds that the time has now come when the old introspective psychology must turn for guidance to anatomy and physiology. It is only within the last few years that such claims could be entertained. The localisation of mental operations in the brain was made by Hippocrates from observations of the loss of function caused by diseases or wounds of the head. Polybos, the son-in-law of the great Greek physician, held that the brain was the centre of the nerves and the central organ of the thinking soul; and Erasistratos, of Alexandria, first taught that the superior intelligence of man depended upon the greater size of the human brain, and the more complicated structure of the convolutions. A new era began with the experiments of Fritsch and Hitzig in our own day. Since then experimental physiology and clinical observations, going hand in hand together, have led to the accumulation of a large fund of knowledge about the several functions of the nervous centres. Another path of discovery was opened by Golgi through his new method of differentiating the finer structure of the grey masses of the brain by his silver colourings; and also by Kölliker, who, working with low powers, was able to demonstrate the course of the motor and sensory nerve paths and of the association system in the brain.

Copyright
References
Hide All

Gehirn und Seele, von Dr. Paul Flechsig, Professor der Psychiatrie an der Universität, Leipzig. Verlag von Veit und Comp, 1896. Octavo, pp. 112. Die Localisation der Geistigen Vorgänge insbesondere der Sinnesempfindungen des Menschen, von Dr. Paul Flechsig. Leipzig. 1896. Post octavo, pp. 88.

Flechsig observes that the height of the forehead depends partly upon the size of the sensation sphere, and this in its tarn upon the size of the body. Thus the height of the forehead is no direct measure of the mental powers. The most important part of the brain for great mental performance seems to lie in the posterior regions.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2514-9946
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 6 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 19th February 2018 - 20th June 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Flechsig on the Localisation of Mental Processes in the Brain

  • W. W. Ireland
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *