Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Inheritance of Temperament. (Publication 236 of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1915.) Davenport, C. B.

  • C. B. Davenport
Extract

The author here seeks to analyse the distribution in families of temperament, as expressed in mood, and to test the hypothesis that it is dependent on heredity. Mood is divided into two main clashes (as seen in manic depressive states): the hyperkinetic or exalted, and the hypokinetic or depressed. The hyperkinetic temperament is divided into two grades: a less developed called nervous (and sometimes sanguine), and a more developed called choleric. The hypokinetic temperament is likewise divided into two grades: a less developed called phlegmatic, and a more developed called melancholic. In some families there is a prevailing tendency to the first class of conditions, and in other families for the second class, while yet other families show a mixed state. How can we bring under one general scheme the inheritance of these various types of mood? After several trials the following hypothesis was selected to test. There is in the germplasm a fectot E, which induces the more or less periodic occurrence of an excited condition (or an exceptionally strong reactibility to exciting conditions), and its absence e, which results in an absence of extreme excitability. There are also the factor C, which makes for normal cheerfulness of mood, and its absence c, which permits a more or less periodic depression. Moreover, these factors behave as though in different chromosomes, so that they are inherited independently of each other and may occur in any combination.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Inheritance of Temperament. (Publication 236 of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1915.) Davenport, C. B.
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Inheritance of Temperament. (Publication 236 of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1915.) Davenport, C. B.
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Inheritance of Temperament. (Publication 236 of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1915.) Davenport, C. B.
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2514-9946
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 19th February 2018 - 23rd April 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Inheritance of Temperament. (Publication 236 of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1915.) Davenport, C. B.

  • C. B. Davenport
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *