The psychiatrical works published in Italy during the year just ended have been numerous and in some cases very voluminous. Some are well compiled, some arrive also at interesting conclusions, but nearly all either deal with questions too special or too minute, or leave the latter aside and occupy themselves with neurological questions only. The former, the clinical works, concern themselves in general with special symptoms which have no importance in assisting the knowledge of the nosography and psycho-pathology of the different diseases, or else illustrate clinical cases which are remarkable by their rarity. In any case they represent rather contributions to current ideas amongst the leading men. It is, then, impossible to give a resumé of these works; we should only be able to quote their titles, which would be objectless. I have no better news to give regarding the progress of pathological anatomy. Dr. Perusini, of the Psychiatrical Clinic of Rome, proclaims, in a powerful article, the necessity of propagating the anatomico-pathological ideas of the school of Kraepelin; but up to now the histo-pathological study of the nervous system has been pursued without uniformity of method, as also without precision of aim. Only in Rome, thanks especially to Drs. Cerletti and Perusini, they have organised an anatomico-pathological section in the Clinic of Tamburini, and there they are trying to put new life into this highly important branch of psychiatry. But the greater portion of Italian psychiatrical works relates to neurology, a branch which promises easier and more brilliant success. In my last contribution I drew attention to the tendency amongst Italian psychiatrists to direct themselves rather to neurological studies. This tendency had its culminating point and its official sanction in the foundation of the Society of Neurology, which gathers around it all the personnel of the psychiatrical clinics. This Society held in 1909 its Second Congress at Genoa, at which the following general subjects were discussed:
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