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On the Psychology of the Crusades

  • William W. Ireland

Although the world will never again see anything like the great crusades of the middle ages, these events may be traced to causes which, though now of less force, still influence the human mind, appealing to the simplest and deepest cravings of our common nature.

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(1) The principal sources of information used in writing these pages are: Histoire des Croisades, par M. Michaud, Paris, 1813, three vols. The History and Literature of the Crusades, from the German of von Sybel, London, 1861. The Collection des Mémoires relatifs à l'histoire de France depuis la fondation de la monarchic jusqu”au, 13ne siècle. This contains amongst others the contemporary narratives of Guibert de Nogent, Albert d'Aix, Raymond d'Agiles, Jacques de Vitry, Raoul de Caen, Robert le Moine, Foulcher de Chartres, and Odon de Deuil. Gesta Dei per Francos, Hanover, 161 i. Belli sacri hist or i a Gulielmo Tyrio Metropolitano, Basileæ. A short history of the Saracens, by Ameer Ali, London, 1899. The Children's Crusade: an Episode of the Thirteenth Century, by George Z. Gray, London, 1871. Kugler's Geschichte der Kreu⊘⊘üge.

(2) See Report on Pilgrimage to Juggernaut, with a Narrative of a Tour through Orissa, by David B. Smith, M.D., Sanitary Commissioner for Bengal, Calcutta, 1868, Part V, p. 45.

(3) Both Albert of Aix and William of Tyre expressly tell us that this was in a dream-Albert, Lib. 1, cap. ii; Gul. Tyr., Lib. 1, cap. xii. Albert evidently believes that the apparition really came from Christ, though during sleep.

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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2514-9946
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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On the Psychology of the Crusades

  • William W. Ireland
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