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Prichard and Symonds, in especial Relation to Mental Science

  • D. Hack Tuke

I hope that you will agree with me that it is well to seize the occasion of our meeting in this locality to recall the memory of two remarkable physicians who practised for many years in Bristol—one, Dr. Prichard, who distinguished himself not only as an ethnologist, but as the author of by far the best English work on insanity in his generation, who was the most celebrated Medical Commissioner that ever sat at the Lunacy Board, and who produced a profound sensation in the legal and the psychological world by enunciating the doctrine of so-called “Moral Insanity,” the echoes of which have not yet died away, nor are likely to do so as long as crimes are committed, and the question of human responsibility has to be determined. The other, who will be ever remembered by those who knew him as the beloved physician, the late John Addington Symonds, the friend of Prichard, and one who, although not an alienist, felt a keen interest in, and had a great capacity for psychological research, having written several Essays, quite remarkable for their insight into some of those problems in psychology which we are yet far from having solved, and which we discuss with some heat even at the present moment.

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Miscellanies by Dr. J. A. Symonds,” edited by his Son, p. 117.

A System of Practical Medicine,” Vol. ii., 110.

There appears to be some confusion in Esquirol's observations upon Pinel's manie sans délire or raisonnante. In the above passage he speaks of there being no disorder of the affections; and he also records (p. 70) a case in which there was no disorder of the reason and the affections, and yet at p. 71 he gives the symptoms of manie rationnante as “the change—the perversion—of the habits, the character, and the affections.”

See paper read before the Section of Psychology at the meeting of the British Medical Association, held at the Queen's University, Belfast, July, 1884.

Edited by John Forbes, M.D., F.R.S.

Miscellanies by Dr. Symonds,” 1873, p. 10.

Read at the meeting of the Bath and Bristol Branch of the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association, March, 1849.

Life of Dr. Prichard, in “Miscellanies,” p. 136.

See “Treatise on Insanity and Disorders affecting the Mind,” by James Cowles Prichard, M.D., F.R.S., 1835, p. 50.

Miscellanies,” p. 400.

Miscellanies,” p. xxvi.

Miscellanies,” p. xxxii.

Paper read at the Quarterly Meeting of the Medico-Psychological Association, held at Brislington House, Bristol, May 1, 1891.

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The British Journal of Psychiatry
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Prichard and Symonds, in especial Relation to Mental Science

  • D. Hack Tuke
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