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AIS Database Powered by GIS Technology for Maritime Safety and Security

  • Ziqiang Ou (a1) and Jianjun Zhu (a1)

Abstract

The Automatic Identification System (AIS) is an efficient tool to exchange positioning data among participating naval units and land control centres. It was developed primarily as an advanced tool for assistance to sailors during navigation and for the safety of the life at sea. Maritime security has become a major concern for all coastal nations, especially after September 11, 2001. The fundamental requirement is maritime domain awareness via identification, tracking and monitoring of vessels within their waters and this is exactly what an AIS could bring. This paper will be focused on how the AIS-derived information could be used for coastal security, maritime traffic management, vessel tracking and monitoring with the help of GIS technology. The AIS data used in this paper was collected by the Canadian national aerial surveillance program.

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Chang, S.J., 2003. Vessel Identification and Monitoring Systems for Maritime Security, Proceedings of IEEE 37th Annual 2003 International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology, Oct. 14–16, 2003, p.6670.
Gauthier, M.F., Weir, L., Ou, Z., Arkett, M. and DeAbreu, R., (2007) Integrated Satellite Tracking of Pollution – A New Operational Program, International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), July 2007, Barcelona, Spain.
Harati-Mokhtari, A., Wall, A., Brooks, P., and Wang, J., 2007. Automatic Identification System (AIS): Data Reliability and Human Error Implications, The Journal of Navigation, 60, 373389.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO), 2001. Guidelines for the Onboard Operational Use of Shipborne Automatic Identification Systems (AIS), as Amended by ITU-1371. Resolution A.917(22). London.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO), 2002. Guidelines for the Onboard Operational Use of Shipborne Automatic Identification Systems (AIS), Assembly 22nd Session, Resolution 917.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO), 2003. Guidelines for the Installation of a Ship-borne Automatic Identification System (AIS), International Maritime Organization, SN/Circ. 227.
Krajewski, C., 2002. River Information Services (RIS), Result of PIANC Working Group InCom 24. 30th PIANC Congress Sydney 2002
Oltmann, J-H., Bober, S., 1999. The Shipborne Automatic Identification System (AIS) – its idea, its technology and its applications in maritime and inland shipping. ISIS Conference 1999
Sandler, M., Gern, T., Zimmermann, R., 2003. Integration of Inland ECDIS, Radar and AIS: Application Scenarios for AIS-Transponders in Inland Navigation and Waterway Management. NAVIGATION 9/2003

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