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Comments on Ship Domains

  • Zhao Jingsong (a1), Wu Zhaolin (a1) and Wang Fengchen (a1)

The ship domain is a very important and useful concept in marine traffic engineering. It has been widely used in traffic simulation models, for encounter criteria, traffic lane design criteria, VTS planning, risk assessment, collision avoidance, and for other applications.

Dr Y. Fujii, Dr E. M. Goodwin and Dr T. G. Coldwell have done a lot of work on this subject. The differences between their ship domain concepts are described in the second part of this paper. In the third part, the authors have used a new branch of social psychology – the theory of Proxemics – to analyse the factors which affect the ship domain, and point out that the basis of producing ship domains is in the field of Proxemics. Finally, in the fourth part of this paper, some problems in ship domains are analysed.

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1Fujii, Y. and Tanaka, K. (1971). Traffic capacity. This Journal, 24, 543.
2Goodwin, E. M. (1975). A statistical study of ship domains. This Journal, 28, 238.
3Coldwell, T. G. (1983). Marine traffic behaviour in restricted waters. The Journal, 36, 430.
4Coldwell, T. G. and Goodwin, E. M. (1984). Applications of the ship domain. Proc. The Fifth International Symposium on VTS.
5Gao, Di (1986). Social Psychology. Heilongjiang People's Publishing Co.
6Yang, Zhiliang (1988). Study on personal space. Psychological Science Communication, no. 2, pp. 24.
7Zhang, Dianxing (1985). Human behaviour and Information. Taibei: Shimo Publishing Co.
8Goodwin, E. M. (1977). Determination of ship domain size. Proc. Conference on Mathematical Aspects of Marine Traffic, (ed. Hollingdale, S. H.). Academic Press, London.
9Davis, P. V.Dove, M. J. and Stockel, C. (1980). A computer simulation of marine traffic using domains and arenas. This Journal, 33, 215.
10James, M. K. (1986). Modelling the decision process in computer simulation of ship navigation. This Journal, 39, 32.
11Wu, Zhaolin and Wang, Fengchen (1986). The statistical study of ship collision avoidance behaviour at sea. Chinese Navigation, no. 1, pp. 16.
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The Journal of Navigation
  • ISSN: 0373-4633
  • EISSN: 1469-7785
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-navigation
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