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GNSS Threat Monitoring and Reporting: Past, Present, and a Proposed Future

  • Sarang Thombre (a1), M. Zahidul H. Bhuiyan (a1), Patrik Eliardsson (a2), Björn Gabrielsson (a2), Michael Pattinson (a3), Mark Dumville (a3), Dimitrios Fryganiotis (a3), Steve Hill (a4), Venkatesh Manikundalam (a5), Martin Pölöskey (a6), Sanguk Lee (a7), Laura Ruotsalainen (a1), Stefan Söderholm (a1) and Heidi Kuusniemi (a1)...
Abstract

Vulnerability of satellite-based navigation signals to intentional and unintentional interference calls for a high-level overview of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) threats occurring globally to understand the magnitude and evolution of the problem. Therefore, a mechanism needs to be developed whereby disparate monitoring systems will be capable of contributing to a common entity of basic information about the threat scenarios they experience. This paper begins with a literature survey of 37 state-of-the-art GNSS threat monitoring systems, which have been analysed based on their respective operational features - constellations monitored and whether they possess the capability to perform interference-type classification, spoofing detection, and interference localisation. Also described is a comparative analysis of four GNSS threat reporting formats in use today. Based on these studies, the paper describes the Horizon2020 Standardisation of GNSS Threat Reporting and Receiver Testing through International Knowledge Exchange, Experimentation and Exploitation (STRIKE3) proposed integrated threat monitoring demonstration system and related standardised threat reporting message, to enable a high-level overview of the prevailing international GNSS threat scenarios and its evolution over time.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
(E-mail: sarang.thombre@nls.fi)
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The Journal of Navigation
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