Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 25
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cao, Yongcan Casbeer, David Milutinovic, Dejan and Kingston, Derek 2016. AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference.

    Dempster, Andrew G. and Cetin, Ediz 2016. Interference Localization for Satellite Navigation Systems. Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 104, Issue. 6, p. 1318.

    Liu, Cheng Yang, Fei and Ariyur, Kartik B. 2016. Interval-Based Celestial Geolocation Using a Camera Array. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 16, Issue. 15, p. 5964.

    Troglia Gamba, Micaela Truong, Minh Duc Motella, Beatrice Falletti, Emanuela and Ta, Tung Hai 2016. Hypothesis testing methods to detect spoofing attacks: a test against the TEXBAT datasets. GPS Solutions,

    Cao, Yongcan 2015. UAV circumnavigating an unknown target under a GPS-denied environment with range-only measurements. Automatica, Vol. 55, p. 150.

    Cao, Yongcan Kingston, Derek and Rasmussen, Steven 2015. AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference.

    DiRenzo, Joseph Goward, Dana A. and Roberts, Fred S. 2015. 2015 6th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications (IISA). p. 1.

    Lubbers, Barend Mildner, Sebastiaan Oonincx, Patrick and Scheele, Anton 2015. 2015 International Association of Institutes of Navigation World Congress (IAIN). p. 1.

    Santos, Nuno Pessanha Lobo, Victor and Bernardino, Alexandre 2015. OCEANS 2015 - Genova. p. 1.

    Stephenson, M.J. and Hancke, G.P. 2015. TENCON 2015 - 2015 IEEE Region 10 Conference. p. 1.

    Barnes, John Liu, Cheng and Ariyur, Kartik 2014. A Hemispherical Sun Sensor for Orientation and Geolocation. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 14, Issue. 12, p. 4423.

    Cetin, Ediz Thompson, Ryan J. R. and Dempster, Andrew G. 2014. Passive interference localization within the GNSS environmental monitoring system (GEMS): TDOA aspects. GPS Solutions, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 483.

    Heng, Liang Walter, Todd Enge, Per and Gao, Grace Xingxin 2014. GNSS Multipath and Jamming Mitigation Using High-Mask-Angle Antennas and Multiple Constellations. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, p. 1.

    Manfredini, Esteban Garbin Dovis, Fabio and Motella, Beatrice 2014. 2014 7th ESA Workshop on Satellite Navigation Technologies and European Workshop on GNSS Signals and Signal Processing (NAVITEC). p. 1.

    Yozevitch, Roi Ben Moshe, Boaz and Safrigin, Sergei 2014. 2014 IEEE 28th Convention of Electrical & Electronics Engineers in Israel (IEEEI). p. 1.

    Anderson, Dean M. Estell, Rick E. and Cibils, Andres F. 2013. Spatiotemporal Cattle Data—A Plea for Protocol Standardization. Positioning, Vol. 04, Issue. 01, p. 115.

    Hagen, Ove Kent Anonsen, Kjetil Bergh and Skaugen, Atle 2013. 2013 MTS/IEEE OCEANS - Bergen. p. 1.

    Huang, Ming-Shih Narayanan, Ram M. Zhang, Yan and Feinberg, Arthur 2013. Tracking of Noncooperative Airborne Targets Using ADS-B Signal and Radar Sensing. International Journal of Aerospace Engineering, Vol. 2013, p. 1.

    Liu, Weiyi Wei, Jian Liang, Mengchen Cao, Yi and Hwang, Inseok 2013. Multi-Sensor Fusion and Fault Detection using Hybrid Estimation for Air Traffic Surveillance. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 2323.

    Hunkeler, Urs Colli-Vignarelli, James and Dehollain, Catherine 2012. 2012 International Conference on Localization and GNSS. p. 1.


GPS Jamming and the Impact on Maritime Navigation

  • Alan Grant (a1), Paul Williams (a1), Nick Ward (a1) and Sally Basker (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2009

Versions of this paper were first presented at the Royal Institute of Navigation GNSS Vulnerabilities and Solutions Conference held at Baska, Croatia in September 2008 and the Royal Institute of Navigation NAV 08 Conference held at Church House, Westminster, London in October 2008.

The US Global Positioning System (GPS) is currently the primary source of Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) information in maritime applications, whether stand-alone or augmented with additional systems. This situation will continue in the future with GPS, possibly together with other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) e.g. Galileo, being the core PNT technology for e-Navigation – the future digital maritime architecture. GPS signals, measured at the surface on the Earth, are very weak. As such, the system is vulnerable to unintentional interference and jamming, resulting in possible denial of service over large geographical areas. The result of such interference could be the complete failure of the mariner's GPS receiver or, possibly worse, the presentation to the mariner of hazardously misleading information (HMI) for navigation and situational awareness, depending on how the GPS receiver reacts to the jamming incident. Recognising this, the General Lighthouse Authorities of the United Kingdom and Ireland (GLA), in collaboration with the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), have conducted a series of sea-trials with the aim of identifying the full effects of GPS jamming on safe navigation at sea.

This paper presents the key findings of these trials and provides important information on the effect of GPS denial. The GLA are playing a pivotal role in the establishment of eLoran as an independent source of PNT, taking advantage of eLoran's complementary nature, having dissimilar failure modes to GPS and the future GNSS. This paper provides information on the performance of an eLoran receiver in an area of GPS service denial. The paper presents the rationale for the work, details the system architecture employed, the data gathering efforts and finally the data analysis procedures, results and conclusions.

Corresponding author
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Journal of Navigation
  • ISSN: 0373-4633
  • EISSN: 1469-7785
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-navigation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *