When a ship is moored by a single anchor at the anchorage, its combined motions (i.e. yaw, sway, surge, etc.) are usually induced by external forces. Previous studies have gained some insights into the forces on anchor chains, but the motions for Capesize vessels still need to be further investigated. The length of anchor chain required for safe anchoring also needs to be carefully calculated rather than determined solely by the experience and judgement of Captains. The relationship between the length of chain and water depth, wind force, current velocity and the trim (draught difference forward/aft) requires further study. Our new methods consider all necessary factors which may exert significant influence on ships, including not only the water depth at the anchoring location but also the particulars of the ships, its equipment and the environmental conditions. Here, a numerical simulation model to describe the behaviour of an anchored Capesize ship is presented, with the comparison of results between simulations and real time model tests carried out. A discussion highlights the important features of the methods which provide mariners with theoretical solutions.
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