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Individual Difference in Goal Motives and Goal Content: The Role of Action and State Orientation

  • Rui Shi (a1), Shilei Zhang (a2) (a3), Danmin Miao (a4), Qianwen Zhang (a3), Zhenhong Wang (a2) and Yan Zhang (a4)...
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hesitant or preoccupied people (state-oriented) have different goal content and motives compared to initiative or disengaged people (action-oriented). People rated the degree of autonomous versus controlled feelings for extrinsic or intrinsic types of goals. Results showed that action-oriented people had a higher autonomous motive than state-oriented people for intrinsic goals, but not for extrinsic goals. Moreover, action-oriented individuals were related to a more internalised goal content (intrinsic goal) than state-oriented individuals. Implications for goal internalisation are discussed.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Shilei Zhang, School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, No. 620, West Chang'an Avenue, Chang'an District, Xi'an 710119, P.R. China. Email: 75597236@qq.com
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