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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Berger, Johannes Davoine, Thomas Schuster, Philip and Strohner, Ludwig 2016. Cross-country differences in the contribution of future migration to old-age financing. International Tax and Public Finance,

    Jaag, Christian Keuschnigg, Christian and Keuschnigg, Mirela 2010. Pension reform, retirement, and life-cycle unemployment. International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 17, Issue. 5, p. 556.

  • Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Volume 8, Issue 2
  • April 2009, pp. 189-223

Education, demographics, and the economy

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 16 November 2007

This paper deals with two issues concerning the effects of population aging on education decisions in the presence of a PAYG pension system: We first analyze the effects of an aging population per se on individual skill choices and continuous education and the production structure. Second, we study the implications of postponed retirement, which is often proposed as a measure to cope with the economic challenges of increased longevity. Our study uses a dynamic general equilibrium framework with overlapping generations and probabilistic aging. The model allows for capital–skill complementarity in the production of final output.

As a response to population aging, in a small open economy with a fixed interest rate, our first simulation shows that GDP is depressed due to an adverse effect on skill choice and labor supply. We then introduce postponed retirement as a potentially dampening policy measure due to its encouragement of human capital formation. However, since there is less private saving in this scenario, the overall effect on GDP is even worse than in the pure aging scenario.

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Journal of Pension Economics & Finance
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