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Pension reforms, liquidity constraints and labour supply responses*



Labour supply responses among older people are estimated on 1996 cross-section register data covering all Norwegians aged 55–68, with an inter-temporal structural model of retirement decisions. Simulations illustrate the impact of introducing flexible pension take-up with actuarial adjustment. With the option of perfect consumption smoothing via the credit market, the reform which comes into effect in Norway from 2011 will reduce the share of retired persons in the age bracket 60–67 (in the base year 15–16%) by around 3 percentage points. With no consumption smoothing, the reduction will be 0.75 percentage points.


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This article is part of a Strategic programme on retirement, funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Inclusion. Financial support is gratefully acknowledged. The data sets used were received from Statistics Norway, with permission from the Norwegian Data Inspectorate.



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Journal of Pension Economics & Finance
  • ISSN: 1474-7472
  • EISSN: 1475-3022
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-pension-economics-and-finance
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