Andersson, S. and Heywood, P. (2009) The Politics of Perception: Use and Abuse of Transparency International’s Approach to Measuring Corruption. Political Studies
Andvig, J. (2005) “A House of Straw, Sticks or Bricks”? Some Notes on Corruption Empirics. Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt, NUPI Working Paper
Apaza, C. R. (2009) Measuring Governance and Corruption Through the Worldwide Governance Indicators: Critiques, Responses, and Ongoing Scholarly Discussion. Political Science and Politics
Arndt, C. and Oman, C. (2006) Uses and Abuses of Governance Indicators. Paris: OECD Development Centre Study.
Beber, B. and Scacco, A. (2012) What the Numbers Say: A Digit Based Test for Election Fraud. Political Analysis
Breunig, C. and Goerres, A. (2011) Searching for Electoral Irregularities in an Established Democracy: Applying Benford’s Law Tests to Bundestag Elections in Unified Germany. Electoral Studies
Bussell, J. (2011) Explaining Cross-National Variation in Government Adoption of New Technologies. International Studies Quarterly
Catrinescu, N., Leon-Ledesma, M., Piracha, M. and Quillin, B. (2008) Remitances, Institutions, and Economic Growth. World Development
Deckert, J., Myagkov, M. and Ordeshook, P. (2011) Benford’s Law and the Detection of Electoral Fraud. Political Analysis
de Maria, B. (2008) Neo-Colonialism through Measurement: A Critique of the Corruption Perception Index. Critical Perspectives on International Business
Foster, J., Horowitz, A. and Mendez, F. (2009) An Axiomatic Approach to the Measurement of Corruption: Theory and Applications, Seminar Paper, Midwest Economic Association Meetings , Walton College of Business.
Glaeser, E. and Saks, R. (2006) Corruption in America. Journal of Public Economics
90: 1053 – 1072.
Goel, R. and Rich, D. (1989) On the Economic Incentives for Taking Bribes. Public Choice
Golden, M. and Picci, L. (2005) Proposal for a New Measure of Corruption. Illustrated with Italian Data. Economics and Politics
Hawken, A. and Munck, G. (2009) Do You Know Your Data? Measurement Validity in Corruption Research, working paper, School of Public Policy, Pepperdine University (Malibu: California).
Herzfeld, T. and Weiss, C. (2003) Corruption and Legal (In)effectiveness: An Empirical Investigation. European Journal of Political Economy
Johnston, M. (2006) Assessing the Progress of Anti-Corruption Efforts: Actionable Indicators of Reform, presentation at Workshop on Governance and Development, Dhaka, 11–12 November.
Kalinin, K. and Mebane, W. (2010) Understanding Electoral Frauds Through Evolution of Russian Federalism: From “Bargaining Loyalty” to “Signaling Loyalty”, paper prepared for the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, 2–5 September.
Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A. and Mastruzzi, M. (2007) Growth and Governance: A Reply. The Journal of Politics
Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A. and Mastruzzi, M. (2008) Governance Matters VII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators, 1996–2007, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4654, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1148386 (accessed 31 March 2014).
Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A. and Mastruzzi, M. (2009) Governance Matters VIII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators, 1996–2008, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4978, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1424591 (accessed 6 March 2014).
Kenny, C. (2009) Measuring Corruption in Infrastructure: Evidence from Transition and Developing Countries. Journal of Development Studies
Knack, S. (2006) Measuring Corruption in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A Critique of the Cross-Country Indicators, World Bank Working Paper 3968, World Bank (Washington D.C.).
Kurtz, M. and Shrank, A. (2007) Growth and Governance: Models, Measures, and Mechanisms. Journal of Politics
Langbein, L. and Knack, S. (2010) The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Six, One, or None?
Journal of Development Studies
Mebane, W. (2006a) Election Forensics: Vote Counts and Benford’s Law, paper prepared for the 2006 Summer Meeting of the Political Methodology Society, UC-Davis, 20–22 July.
Mebane, W. (2006b) Election Forensics: The Second-Digit Benford’s Law Test and Recent American Presidential Elections, paper prepared for the 2006 Election Fraud Conference, Salt Lake City, UT, 29–30 September.
Mebane, W. (2011) Comment on “Benford’s Law and the Detection of Election Fraud”. Political Analysis
Olken, B. (2009) Corruption Perceptions vs. Corruption Reality. Journal of Public Economics
Philp, M. (2006) Corruption Definition and Measurement. In Sampford C., Shacklock A., Carmel C. and F. Gatlung (eds.), Measuring Corruption. London: Ashgate, 45–79.
Rauch, B., Göttsche, M., Brähler, G. and Engel, S. (2011) Fact and Fiction in EU-Governmental Economic Data. German Economic Review
Razafindrakoto, M. and Roubaud, F. (2006) Are International Databases on Corruption Reliable? A Comparison of Expert Opinion Surveys and Household Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa, Document de Travail, 2006–2007, Paris: Dial (Unité Mixte de Recherche IRD 225).
Rittel, H. W. J., Webber, M. M. (1973) Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences
Rothstein, B. (2011) The Quality of Government. London: Chicago University Press.
Saisana, M. and Saltelli, A. (2012) Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 Statistical Assessment, JRC Scientific and Policy Reports, European Commission Luxembourg.
Seligson, M. A. (2006) The Measurement and Impact of Corruption Victimization: Survey Evidence from Latin America. World Development
Svensson, J. (2005) Eight Questions About Corruption. Journal of Economic Perspectives
Thomas, M. A. (2010) What do the Worldwide Governance Indicators Measure?
European Journal of Development Research
Transparency International (TI) (2009) Measuring International Trends in Corruption, Transparency International, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (Bergen: Norway).
Treisman, D. (2007) What Have We Learned About the Causes of Corruption from Ten Yeats of Cross-National Empirical Research?
Annual Revue of Political Science
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2008) “A Users’ Guide to Measuring Corruption” United Nations Development Program, Norway: UNDP Oslo Governance Centre.
Urra, F.-J. (2007) Assessing Corruption: An Analytical Review of Corruption Measurement and its Problems: Perception, Error and Utility, http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/apcity/unpan028792.pdf (accessed 6 March 2014).
van der Vleuten, V. and Verloo, M. (2012) Ranking and Benchmarking: The Political Logic of New Regulatory Instruments in the Fields of Gender Equality and Anti-Corruption. Policy & Politics
Weber Abramo, C. (2008) How Much Do Perceptions of Corruption Really Tell Us?
Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal
Zaman, A. and Rahim, F. (2008) Corruption: Measuring the Unmeasurable, MPRA Paper No. 13882, http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/13882/1/MPRA_paper_13882.pdf (accessed 6 March 2014).