Skip to main content
×
×
Home

From the Positive to the Regulatory State: Causes and Consequences of Changes in the Mode of Governance

  • Giandomenico Majone (a1)
Abstract

Since the late 1970s European governments have been forced to change their traditional modes of governance in response to such trends as increasing international competition and deepening economic and monetary integration within the European Union. Strategic adaptation to the new realities has resulted in a reduced role for the positive, interventionist state and a corresponding increase in the role of the regulatory state: rule making is replacing taxing and spending. The paper's first part identifies three sets of strategies leading to the growth of the regulatory state as external or market regulator, and as internal regulator of decentralised administration. The second part examines major structural changes induced by changes in regulatory strategies. The institutional and intellectual legacy of the interventionist state is a major impediment to the speedy adjustment of governance structures to new strategies. It would be unwise to underestimate the difficulties of the transition from the positive to the regulatory state, but it is important to realise that international competition takes place not only among producers of goods and services but also, increasingly, among regulatory regimes. Regulatory competition will reward regimes in which institutional innovations do not lag far behind the new strategic choices.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Baldwin, Robert, (1996) ‘Regulatory Legitimacy in the European Context: the British Health and Safety Executive’, in Majone 1996, 83105.
Chandler, Alfred D. Jr (1962) Strategy and Structure. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.
Commission of the European Communities (1985) Completing the Internal Market. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
d'État, Conseil (1993) Rapport Publique 1992. Paris: La Documentation Française, Études et Documents.
Craig, P. P. (1994) Administrative Law, Third Edition, London: Sweet and Maxwell.
Dahl, Robert A. (1956) A Preface to Democratic Theory. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Demarigny, , Fabrice, (1996) ‘Independent Administrative Authorities in France and the Case of the French Council for Competition’, in Majone 1996, 157179.
DeMuth, Christopher C. (1984) ‘A Strategy for Regulatory Reform’, Regulation 4: 2530.
Dowding, , Keith, (1995) The Civil Service. London: Routledge.
Dunleavy, , Patric, (1991) Democracy, Bureaucracy and Public Choice. London: Harvester-Wheatsheaf.
Fainsod, , Merle, (1940) ‘Some reflections on the nature of the regulatory process’, in Friedrichs, K. and Mason, P. (eds.), Public Policy, Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 72100.
Gatsios, , Konstantine, and Seabright, Paul 1989)‘Regulation in the European Community’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 5: 2, 3760.
Hartley, T. C. (1988) The Foundations of European Community Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hood, , Christopher, and James, Oliver (1996) Regulation Inside British Government: The Inner Face of the Regulatory State? London: Department of Government, London School of Economics, Discussion Paper No. 1.
Hood, , Christopher, and Scott, Colin (1996) Bureaucratic Regulation and New Public Management in the UK: Mirror Image Developments? London: Department of Government, London School of Economics, Discussion Paper No. 2.
Kovacic, William E. (1987) ‘The Federal Trade Commission and Congressional Oversight of Antitrust Enforcement: A Historical Perspective’, in MacKay, R.J., Miller, J. C. III, Yandle, B. (eds.) Public Choice and Regulation. Stanford, CA.: Hoover Institution Press, 63120.
Krehbiel, , Keith, (1992) Information and Legislative Organization, Ann Arbor, Mich.: The University of Michigan Press.
Landis, James M. (1966) The Administrative Process, New Haven, CT.: Yale University Press [originally published in 1938].
Laudati, , Laraine, (1996) ‘The European Commission as regulator: the uncertain pursuit of the competitive market’, in Majone 1996, 229261.
Lijphart, , Arend, (1991) ‘Majority rule in theory and practice: the tenacity of a flawed paradigm’. International Social Science Journal, 129/1991: 483493.
Litan, Robert E. and Nordhaus, William D. (1983) Reforming Federal Regulation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Majone, , Giandomenico, (ed.) (1990) Deregulation or Re-regulation? London: Pinter.
Majone, , Giandomenico, (1996) Regulating Europe. London: Routledge.
Moe, , Terry, (1987). ‘Interests, institutions and positive theory: the politics of the NLRB’. Studies in American Political Development 2: 236299.
Niskanen, William A. Jr (1971) Bureaucracy and Representative Government. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.
Pedersen, William F. Jr (1975) ‘Formal records and informal rule-making’. Yale Law Journal 85: 3888.
Prosser, , Tony, (1989) ‘Regulation of privatised enterprises: institutions and procedures’, in: Hancher, Leigh and Moran, Michael (eds.) Capitalism, Culture and Economic Regulation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 135165.
Seidman, , Harold, and Gilmour, Robert (1986) Politics, Position and Power, Fourth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.
Shapiro, , Martin, (1988) Who Guards the Guardians? Athens, GA.: The University of Georgia Press.
Shapiro, , Martin, (1992a) ‘The European Court of Justice’, in Sbragia, Alberta M. (ed.) Euro-Politics. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 123156.
Shapiro, , Martin, (1992b) ‘The giving-reasons requirement’. Chicago: The University of Chicago Legal Forum, 180220.
Spitz, , Elaine, (1984) Majority Rule. Chatham, N.J.: Chatham House Publishers.
Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1988) Economics of the Public Sector. New York: W. W. Norton.
Streeck, , Wolfgang, and Schmitter, Phillippe C. (1991) ‘From national corporatism to transnational pluralism: organised interests in the Single European Market’. Politics and Society 19, 133164.
Tsoukalis, , Loukas, (1993) The New European Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Veljanovski, , Cento, (1991) ‘The regulation game’, in: Veljanovski, Cento (ed.) Regulators and the Market. London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 328.
Weingast, Barry R. and Moran, Mark J. (1983) ‘Bureaucratic discretion or Congressional control? Regulatory policy making in the Federal Trade Commission’. Journal of Political Economy 91: 765800.
Wilson, Graham K. (1990) ‘American interest groups in comparative perspective’, in Petracca, Mark P. (ed.): The Politics of Interest. Boulder, Co.: Westview Press, 8095.
Wood, Dan B. and Waterman, Richard W. (1991) ‘The dynamics of political control of the bureaucracy’. American Political Science Review. 85: 801828.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Public Policy
  • ISSN: 0143-814X
  • EISSN: 1469-7815
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-public-policy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed