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  • Cited by 3
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    MEUNIER, SOPHIE 2007. Managing Globalization? The EU in International Trade Negotiations. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 45, Issue. 4, p. 905.

    Dimitrakopoulos, Dionyssis G. 2003. Power, norms and institutional change in the European Union: The protection of the free movement of goods. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 249.

    ZAHARIADIS, NIKOLAOS 2003. Complexity, Coupling, and the Future of European Integration. Review of Policy Research, Vol. 20, Issue. 2, p. 285.


Unintended Consequences: Institutional Autonomy and Executive Discretion in the European Union

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2001

Institutions are more than mere agents of their creators. They produce unintended consequences by means of their autonomous action. In the context of the European Union (EU), supranational institutions, such as the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the European Commission produce such consequences, even in areas where no direct or overt transfer of powers has taken place, while performing the roles assigned to them by their creators. Using a case study regarding the protection of the free movement of workers, this article demonstrates that supranational institutions circumscribe the use of executive discretion by national governements by blurring the line between ‘safe’ and other issues, that is, the line that distinguishes between the ‘two faces of power’.

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Journal of Public Policy
  • ISSN: 0143-814X
  • EISSN: 1469-7815
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-public-policy
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