Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-sjtt6 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-17T23:35:49.206Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Dependency and Ageing in Britain: A Re-Examination of the Evidence*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2009

Jane Falkingham
Affiliation:
Research Officer, London School of Economics.

Abstract

There has been growing concern over the consequences for public expenditure of an increasing number of elderly people dependent on a relatively diminishing working population. This concern stems largely from demographically determined dependency ratios and it is not necessarily the case that a change in the age profile of the population will lead to a greater burden of dependency. The ‘engine of dependency’ is shown to have at least two other cylinders—patterns of labour-force participation across age and gender, and levels of unemployment. Policy to date has had a surprisingly narrow focus in view of the dual role of economic and demographic forces in influencing the ratio of dependency. The economic and political feasibility of alternative policy options is discussed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1989

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Benjamin, B. et al. (1985), Pensions, the Problems of Today and Tomorrow, City University, London.Google Scholar
Bourgeois-Pichat, J. (1979), ‘La transition demographique’, in Population Science in the Service of Mankind, IUSSP, Liege.Google Scholar
Census of Population for England and Wales (1911, 1921, 1931, 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981). HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Cmd 7695 (1949), Final Report, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Cmd 933 (1954), Report of the Committee on the Economic and Financial Problems of the Provision for Old Age, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Cmnd 9517 (1985), Reform of Social Security, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Cmnd 9518 (1985), Reform of Social Security: Programme for Change, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Cmnd 9691 (1985), Reform of Social Security: Programme for Action, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
Creedy, J. and Disney, R. (1988), Population Aging and Social Security, Research Paper No. 195. University of Melbourne.Google Scholar
Department of Health and Social Security (1984), Population, Pension Costs and Pensioners' Incomes, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Falkingham, J. (1987), Britain's Ageing Population: the Engine Behind Increasing Dependency?, Welfare State Programme Discussion Paper No. 17. London School of Economics.Google Scholar
Family Policy Studies Centre (1984), The Forgotten Army: Family Care and Elderly People, Briefing Paper, London.Google Scholar
Grundy, E. (1986), Age Related Change in Later Life, Prepared for the BSPS Conference. September 10–12 1985, University of East Anglia.Google Scholar
Guillemard, A-M. (1988), ‘The International Trend Towards Early Withdrawal from the Workforce’, presented at CEPR Conference on ‘Work, Retirement and Intergenerational Equity. 1850–2050’. 19–21 July 1988, St. John–s College, Cambridge.Google Scholar
Johnson, P. (1985), The Economics of Old Age in Britain: A Long Run View 1881–1981, Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No. 47. London.Google Scholar
Joshi, H. (1986), ‘Participation in Paid Work: Evidence from the Women and Employment Survey’. in Blundell, R. and Walker, I. (eds), Unemployment, Search and Labour Supply, Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.Google Scholar
Laczko, F., Dale, A., Arber, S. and Gilbert, G. (1988), ‘Early retirement in a period of unemployment’. Journal of Social Policy, 17: 3, 313334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, J. (1984), Women in England 1870–1950, Wheatsheaf Books, Brighton.Google Scholar
Martin, J. and Roberts, C. (1984), Women and Employment: A Lifetime Perspective, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
OPCS (1983), General Household Survey 1981, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
OPCS (1984), Census Guide l: Britain's Elderly Population, HMSO. London.Google Scholar
OPCS (1985), OPCS Population Projections 1983–2023 Prepared by the Government Artuary in Consultation with the Registrar General, Series PP2 No. 13. HMSO. London.Google Scholar
Preston, S. (1984), ‘Children and the elderly: divergent paths for America's dependents’. Demography, 21, 435457.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Taylor, R. and Ford, G. (1983), ‘Inequalities in old age: an examination of age, sex and class differences in a sample of community elderly’. Ageing and Society, 3: 2, 183208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thane, P. (1987), Address to CEPR/BSPS Lunchtime Meeting Series, Chatham House, 23.2.87. London.Google Scholar
Warnes, A. (1982), Geographical Perspectives on Ageing, John Wiley and Son Ltd, London.Google Scholar