Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Earned Citizenship: Labour Migrants’ Views on the Welfare State

  • MONIQUE KREMER (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

In policy and research, migration and the welfare state are often seen as being at odds. When ‘strangers’ enter the welfare state, the financial and social foundations of solidarity are said to crumble. A prominent question, therefore, is whether immigrants should have the same rights as the autochthonous population. Within this frame, migrants are often ‘objects’. This paper reports on qualitative research exploring what different types of labour migrants themselves think about the Dutch welfare state in general, and about giving social rights to immigrants, in particular. The differences in national backgrounds and levels of education in labour migrants’ views are striking: lower-educated Turkish and Polish migrants show little interest in the welfare state, whereas higher-educated Western Europeans seek welfare state security. Higher-educated Indian migrants find the welfare state a totally new concept, although after a while some come to appreciate it. A significant proportion of the questioned migrants, moreover, believe that people should not be entitled to welfare state rights immediately upon arrival. They favour ‘earned citizenship’, with the welfare state being a ‘contribution state’, but stress that migrants should not have to wait too long before being entitled to such rights. The paper also suggests new topics for further research in the increasingly important field of migration, diversity and the welfare state.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. Alesina and E.L. Glaeser (2004), Fighting Poverty in the EU and Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

J. Avato , J. Koettl and R. Sabates-Wheeler (2010), Social security regimes, global estimates, and good practices: the status of social protection for international migrants. World Development, 38, 4, 455466.

P. Baldwin (1990), The politics of social solidarity: Class bases of the European welfare state, 1875–1975. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

H. Bolderson (2010), The Ethics of Welfare Provision for Migrants: A Case for Equal Treatment and the Repositioning of Welfare. Journal of Social Policy, Volume 40, issue 2, 219235.

G. J. Borjas (1999), Immigration and welfare magnets. Journal of Labor Economics, 17, 607637.

G. Brochmann and A. Hagelund (2012), Immigration Policy and the Scandinavian Welfare State 1945–2010. Basingstoke/Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

B. Burgoon , F. Koster and M. van Egmond (2012), Support for Redistribution and the Paradox of Immigration. Journal of European Social Policy, 22, 3, 288304.

B. R. Chiswick (1999), Are immigrants favourably self-selected? American Economic Review 89, 181185.

R. Dancygier and E. N. Saunders (2006), A New Electorate? Comparing Preferences and Partisanship between Immigrants and Natives. American Journal of Political Science, vol. 50, 4, 962981.

P. De Beer and F. Koster (2009) Sticking Together or Falling Apart? Solidarity in an Era of Individualization and Globalization. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

G. De Giorgi and M. Pellizzari (2009), Welfare migration in Europe. Labour Economics, 16, 353363.

H. De Haas (2010), The internal dynamics of migration processes: A theoretical inquiry. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36, 10.

M.A. Eger (2010), Even in Sweden: The effect of immigration on support for welfare state spending. European Sociological Review, 26, 2, 203217.

E. Engelen (2003), How to combine openness and protection? Citizenship, Migration, and Welfare Regimes. Politics and Society, 31, 4, 503536.

G. Freeman (1986), Migration and the political economy of the welfare state. The annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 485, 1, 5163.

A. Heitmueller (2005), Unemployment benefits, risk aversion, and migration incentives. Journal of Population Economics, 18, 93112.

B. Jordan and P. Brown (2007) Migration and Work in the United Kingdom: Mobility and the Social Order. Mobilities, 2, 2, 255276.

C.A. Larsen (2011), Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Support for Welfare: Is the US Experience Replicated in Britain, Sweden, and Denmark? Scandinavian Political Studies, 34, 4, 332353.

S. Mau and C. Burckhardt (2009), Migration and welfare state solidarity in Western Europe. Journal of European Social Policy, 19, 3, 213229.

D. Miller (2006), Multiculturalism and the Welfare state: Theoretical reflections. In K. Banting and W. Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the welfare state: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

A. Razin , E. Sadka and B. Suwankiri (2011), Migration and the Welfare State. Political-Economy Policy Formation. Cambridge: MIT Press.

T. Reeskens and W. van Oorschot (2012), Disentangling the ‘New Liberal Dilemma’: On the relation between general welfare redistribution preferences and welfare chauvinism. International Journal of Comparative Sociology 53, 2, 120139.

D. Sainsbury (2012), Welfare States and Immigrant Rights. The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

D. W. Stewart , P. N. Shamdasani and D. Rook (2007), Focus groups. Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Y. Soysal (2012), Citizenship, immigration, and the European social project: Rights and obligations of individuality. The British Journal of Sociology, 63, 1, 121.

P. Taylor-Gooby and R. Martin (2010), Fairness, Equality and Legitimacy: A Qualitative Comparative Study of Germany and the UK. Social Policy and Administration, 44, 1, 85103.

W. Van Oorschot and W. Uunk (2007), Welfare spending and the Public's Concern for immigrants. Comparative Politics 40, 1, 6382.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Social Policy
  • ISSN: 0047-2794
  • EISSN: 1469-7823
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-social-policy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 21
Total number of PDF views: 290 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 641 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.