Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Regimes, Social Risks and the Welfare Mix: Unpacking Attitudes to Pensions and Childcare in Germany and the UK Through Deliberative Forums

  • PETER TAYLOR-GOOBY (a1), JAN-OCKO HEUER (a2), HEEJUNG CHUNG (a3), BENJAMIN LERUTH (a4), STEFFEN MAU (a5) and KATHARINA ZIMMERMANN (a6)...
Abstract

Modern welfare regimes rest on a range of actors – state, market, family/households, employers and charities – but austerity programmes diminish the contribution of the state. While changes in this ‘welfare mix’ require support from the population, attitude studies have focused mainly on people’s views on state responsibilities, using welfare regime theory to explain differences. This paper contributes to our understanding of the welfare mix by including other providers such as the market, the family or employers, and also introduces social risk theories, contrasting new and old risks. Regime theory implies differences will persist over time, but risk theory suggests that growing similarities in certain risks may tend to promote international convergence. This article examines attitudes to the roles of state, market, family, charity/community and employer for pension and childcare in Germany and the UK. We collected data using deliberative forums, a new method in social policy research that allows citizens space to pursue extended lightly moderated discussion and permits researchers to analyse people’s justifications for their attitudes. Our research indicated patterns of convergence especially in preferences for childcare, but that regime predominates in people’s justifications for their attitudes: regime differences in attitudes are resilient.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Regimes, Social Risks and the Welfare Mix: Unpacking Attitudes to Pensions and Childcare in Germany and the UK Through Deliberative Forums
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Regimes, Social Risks and the Welfare Mix: Unpacking Attitudes to Pensions and Childcare in Germany and the UK Through Deliberative Forums
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Regimes, Social Risks and the Welfare Mix: Unpacking Attitudes to Pensions and Childcare in Germany and the UK Through Deliberative Forums
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
Hide All
Arts, W. and Gelissen, J. (2001), ‘Welfare states, solidarity and justice principles’, Acta Sociologica, 44, 283299.
Ascoli, U. and Ranci, C. (2002, eds.), Dilemmas of the Welfare Mix, New York: Springer US.
Blekesaune, M. (2013), ‘Economic strain and public support for redistribution: a comparative analysis of 28 European countries’, Journal of Social Policy, 42, 5772.
Blome, A. (2016), ‘Normative beliefs, party competition, and work-family policy reforms in Germany and Italy’, Comparative Politics, 48, 479496.
Bonoli, G. (2005), ‘The politics of the new social policies’, Policy & Politics, 33, 431449.
Burkhardt, C., Martin, R., Mau, S. and Taylor-Gooby, P. (2011), ‘Differing notions of social welfare? Britain and Germany compared’, in Clasen, J. (ed.), Converging Worlds of Welfare? British and German Social Policy in the 21st Century, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1532.
Chung, H., Hrast, M.F. and Rakar, T. (2018a), ‘The provision of care: whose responsibility and why?’, in Taylor-Gooby, P. and Leruth, B. (eds.), Attitudes, Aspirations and Welfare: Social Policy Directions in Uncertain Times, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 183214.
Chung, H. and Meuleman, B. (2017), ‘European parents’ attitudes towards public childcare provision’, European Societies, 19, 4968.
Chung, H., Taylor-Gooby, P. and Leruth, B. (2018b), ‘Political legitimacy and welfare state futures’, Social Policy & Administration, 52, 835846.
Daly, M. (2011), ‘What adult worker model? A critical look at recent social policy reform in Europe from a gender and family perspective’, Social Politics, 18, 123.
Deeming, C. and Smyth, P. (2015), ‘Social investment after neoliberalism’, Journal of Social Policy, 44, 297318.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1990), The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1999), Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ESS. (2018), ‘European Social Survey, online data set’, http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/data/ [accessed 31.03.2018].
Eurostat. (2018), ‘Formal childcare by age and duration’, http://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/JL5rITnPOvJI7d7z92Gtg [accessed 31.03.2018].
Evers, A. (2011), ‘Wohlfahrtsmix und soziale Dienste’, in Evers, A., Heinze, R.G. and Olk, T. (eds.), Handbuch Soziale Dienste, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 265283.
Ferragina, E. and Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (2015), ‘Determinants of a silent (r)evolution’, Social Politics, 22, 137.
Fishkin, J.S. and Luskin, R.C. (2005), ‘Experimenting with a democratic ideal: deliberative polling and public opinion’, Acta Politica, 40, 284298.
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen. (2015), ‘Politbarometer November I 2015’, http://www.forschungsgruppe.de/Umfragen/Politbarometer/Archiv/Politbarometer_2015/November_I_2015/ [accessed 31.03.2018].
Fossati, F. (2018), ‘Who wants demanding active labour market policies?’, Journal of Social Policy, 47, 7797.
Goerres, A. and Prinzen, K. (2012), ‘Can we improve the measurement of attitudes towards the welfare state?’, Social Indicators Research, 109, 515534.
Goerres, A. and Tepe, M. (2011), ‘Doing it for the kids? The determinants of attitudes towards public childcare in unified Germany’, Journal of Social Policy, 41, 349372.
Grönlund, K., Bächtiger, A. and Setälä, M. (2014, eds.), Deliberative Mini-Publics: Involving Citizens in the Democratic Process, Colchester: ECPR Press.
IPSOS-Mori. (2015), ‘Social Trends’, https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/issues-index-2007-onwards [accessed 31.03.2018].
ISSP. (2018), ‘International Social Survey Programme: “Role of Government” 1985, 1990, 1996, 2006’, https://www.gesis.org/issp/modules/issp-modules-by-topic/role-of-government/cumulation/ [accessed 31.03.2018].
Jenson, J. (2015), ‘Social innovation: redesigning the welfare diamond’, in Nicholls, A., Simon, J. and Gabriel, M. (eds.), New Frontiers in Social Innovation Research, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan 89106.
Jæger, M.M. (2006), ‘Welfare regimes and attitudes towards redistribution’, European Sociological Review, 22, 157170.
Lewis, J. (1992), ‘Gender and the development of welfare regimes’, Journal of European Social Policy, 2, 159173.
Lewis, J., Knijn, T., Martin, C. and Ostner, I. (2008), ‘Patterns of development in work/family reconciliation policies for parents in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK in the 2000s’, Social Politics, 15, 261286.
Lindh, A. (2015), ‘Public opinion against markets? A comparison of 17 countries’, Social Policy & Administration, 49, 887910.
Lister, R. (2004), ‘The third way’s social investment state’, in Lewis, J. and Surender, R. (eds.), Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?, Oxford: Oxford University Press 157181.
Lodigiani, R. and Pesenti, L. (2014), ‘Public resources retrenchment and social welfare innovation in Italy: welfare cultures and the subsidiarity principle in times of crisis’, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 22, 157170.
Mau, S. and Sachweh, P. (2014), ‘The middle-class in the German welfare state’, Social Policy & Administration, 48, 537555.
Morel, N., Palier, B. and Palme, J. (2012, eds.), Towards a Social Investment Welfare State? Bristol: Policy Press.
Natali, D., Keune, M., Pavolini, E. and Seeleib‐Kaiser, M. (2018), ‘Sixty years after Titmuss’, Social Policy & Administration, 52, 435448.
OBR: Office for Budget Responsibility. (2015), Economic and Fiscal Outlook – March 2015’, London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.
OECD. (2016), Society at a Glance 2016, Paris: OECD.
OECD. (2018), ‘OECD Statistics, Funded Pensions’, https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=PNNI_NEW# [accessed 30.03.2018].
Oliver, R.J. and Mätzke, M. (2014), ‘Childcare expansion in conservative welfare states’, Social Politics, 21, 167193.
Ostner, I. (2010), ‘Farewell to the family as we know it’, German Policy Studies, 6, 211244.
Powell, M. and Barrientos, A. (2004), ‘Welfare regimes and the welfare mix’, European Journal of Political Research, 43, 83105.
Ritchie, J., Spencer, L. and O’Conner, W. (2003), ‘Carrying out qualitative analysis’, in Ritchie, J. and Lewis, J. (eds.), Qualitative Research Practice, Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, 219262.
Ronchi, S. (2018), ‘Which roads (if any) to social investment? The recalibration of EU welfare states at the crisis crossroads (2000-2014)’, Journal of Social Policy, 47, 459478.
Sainsbury, D. (1994, ed.), Gendering Welfare States, London: SAGE Publications.
Schøyen, M.A. and Hvinden, B. (2018), ‘Intergenerational solidarity and the sustainability of state welfare’, in Taylor-Gooby, P. and Leruth, B. (eds.), Attitudes, Aspirations and Welfare: Social Policy Directions in Uncertain Times, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 137181.
Svallfors, S. (1997), ‘Worlds of welfare and attitudes to redistribution’, European Sociological Review, 13, 283304.
Svallfors, S. (2007), ‘Class and attitudes to market inequality’, in Svallfors, S. (ed.), The Political Sociology of the Welfare State, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 189222.
Svallfors, S. (2012), Welfare Attitudes in Europe, London: ESS.
Taylor-Gooby, P. (2004), New Risks, New Welfare, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Taylor-Gooby, P. (2017), ‘Re-doubling the crises of the welfare state’, Journal of Social Policy, 46, 815835.
Taylor-Gooby, P., Chung, H. and Leruth, B. (2018), ‘The contribution of deliberative forums to studying welfare state attitudes’, Social Policy & Administration, 52, 914927.
Taylor-Gooby, P. and Leruth, B. (2018, eds.), Attitudes, Aspirations and Welfare: Social Policy Direction in Uncertain Times, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung, H. (2017, eds.), After Austerity: Welfare State Transformation in Europe After the Great Recession, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vandenbroucke, F., Hemerijck, A. and Palier, B. (2011), ‘The EU needs a social investment pact’, OSE Opinion paper 5. Brussels: Observatoire Social Europeene.
Wakeford, T. and Singh, J. (2008), ‘Towards empowered participation’, Participatory Learning and Action, 58, 69.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Social Policy
  • ISSN: 0047-2794
  • EISSN: 1469-7823
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-social-policy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed