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COMPUTABILITY THEORY, NONSTANDARD ANALYSIS, AND THEIR CONNECTIONS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 September 2019

DAG NORMANN
Affiliation:
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS THE UNIVERSITY OF OSLO P.O. BOX 1053, BLINDERN N-0316 OSLO NORWAY E-mail:dnormann@math.uio.no
SAM SANDERS
Affiliation:
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT DARMSTADT SCHLOSSGARTENSTRASSE 7, D-64289 DARMSTADT GERMANY E-mail: sasander@me.com
Corresponding

Abstract

We investigate the connections between computability theory and Nonstandard Analysis. In particular, we investigate the two following topics and show that they are intimately related.

(T.1) A basic property of Cantor space$2^ $ is Heine–Borel compactness: for any open covering of $2^ $, there is a finite subcovering. A natural question is: How hard is it to compute such a finite subcovering? We make this precise by analysing the complexity of so-called fan functionals that given any $G:2^ \to $, output a finite sequence $\langle f_0 , \ldots ,f_n \rangle $ in $2^ $ such that the neighbourhoods defined from $\overline {f_i } G\left( {f_i } \right)$ for $i \le n$ form a covering of $2^ $.

(T.2) A basic property of Cantor space in Nonstandard Analysis is Abraham Robinson’s nonstandard compactness, i.e., that every binary sequence is “infinitely close” to a standard binary sequence. We analyse the strength of this nonstandard compactness property of Cantor space, compared to the other axioms of Nonstandard Analysis and usual mathematics.

Our study of (T.1) yields exotic objects in computability theory, while (T.2) leads to surprising results in Reverse Mathematics. We stress that (T.1) and (T.2) are highly intertwined, i.e., our study is holistic in nature in that results in computability theory yield results in Nonstandard Analysis and vice versa.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Association for Symbolic Logic 2019 

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