We study o-minimal expansions of Archimedean totally ordered groups. We first prove that any such expansion must be elementarily embeddable via a unique (provided some nonzero element is 0-definable) elementary embedding into a unique o-minimal expansion of the additive ordered group of real numbers . We then show that a definable function in an o-minimal expansion of enjoys good differentiability properties and use this to prove that an Archimedean real closed field is definable in any nonsemilinear expansion of . Combining these results, we obtain several restrictions on possible o-minimal expansions of arbitrary Archimedean ordered groups and in particular of the rational ordered group.
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