Skip to main content Accessibility help




I defend a form of humanism on which we have reason to care about human beings that we do not have to care about other animals, and human beings have rights against us that other animals lack. Humanism respects the equal worth of those born with severe congenital cognitive disabilities. I address the charge of speciesism and explain how being human is an ethically relevant fact.



Hide All
Anderson, E. (2004) ‘Animal Rights and the Values of Nonhuman Life’. In Sunstein, C. and Nussbaum, M. (eds.), Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 277–98.
Barnes, E. (2016) The Minority Body. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Beauvoir, S. de. (1953) The Second Sex. Translated by Parshley, H. M.. London: Jonathan Cape.
Benn, S. I. (1967) ‘Egalitarianism and the Equal Consideration of Interests’. In Pennock, J. R. and Chapman, J. W. (eds.), Nomos IX: Equality (New York: Atherton Press), 6178.
Darwall, S. (1977) ‘Two Kinds of Respect’. Ethics, 88, 3649.
Diamond, C. (1988) ‘Losing your Concepts’. Ethics, 98, 255–77.
Foot, P. (2001) Natural Goodness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kagan, S. (2016) ‘What's Wrong with Speciesism?Journal of Applied Philosophy, 33, 121.
Kant, I. ([1798] 2006) Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Translated by Louden, R. B.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. (1996) The Sources of Normativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. (2009) Self-Constitution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
McMahan, J. (1996) ‘Cognitive Disability, Misfortune, and Justice’. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 25, 335.
McMahan, J. (2005) ‘Our Fellow Creatures’. Journal of Ethics, 9, 353–80.
McMahan, J. (2008) ‘Challenges to Human Equality’. Journal of Ethics, 12, 81104.
McMahan, J. (2016) ‘On “modal personism”’. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 33, 2630.
Murdoch, I. (1970) The Sovereignty of Good. London: Routledge.
Rawls, J. (1970) A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Setiya, K. (2007) Reasons without Rationalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Setiya, K. (2010) ‘Sympathy for the Devil’. In Tenenbaum, S. (ed.), Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 82110.
Setiya, K. (2012) Knowing Right From Wrong. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Setiya, K. (2013) ‘Murdoch on the Sovereignty of Good’. Philosophers’ Imprint, 13, 119.
Setiya, K. (2014a) ‘What is a Reason to Act?Philosophical Studies, 167, 221–35.
Setiya, K. (2014b) ‘Intention, Plans, and Ethical Rationalism’. In Vargas, M. and Yaffe, G. (eds.), Rational and Social Agency (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 5682.
Setiya, K. (n.d.) ‘Other People’. Unpublished ms.
Singer, P. (1975) Animal Liberation. New York: Random House.
Thompson, M. (2013) ‘Forms of Nature: “First”, “Second”, “Living”, “Rational”, and “Phronetic”’. In Hindrichs, G. and Honneth, A. (eds.), Freiheit Stuttgarter Hegel-Kongress 2011 (Frankfurt: Klostermann), 701–35.
Waldron, J. (2017) One Another's Equals. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Williams, B. (2006) ‘The Human Prejudice’. In Williams, Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline (Princeton: Princeton University Press), 135–52.


Related content

Powered by UNSILO




Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.