Skip to main content Accessibility help

A Normative Theory of Disagreement



Expressivists have trouble accounting for disagreement. If ethical or other normative judgments are desire-like rather than belief-like, it is puzzling why we think people often disagree in those domains. While previous expressivists have proposed only straightforwardly descriptive conditions under which disagreement occurs, we argue that disagreement itself should be understood normatively: two or more people disagree just in case their diverging attitudes imply, given a common project of theirs, that at least one of them has reason to change his or her mind.



Hide All
Blackburn, S. (1998) Ruling Passions: A Theory of Practical Reasoning. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Bratman, M. (2000) ‘Reflection, Planning, and Temporally Extended Agency’. The Philosophical Review, 109, 3561.
Carter, J. A., and Chrisman, M.. (2012) ‘Is Epistemic Expressivism Incompatible with Inquiry?Philosophical Studies, 159, 323–39.
Dreier, J. (2015) ‘Explaining the Quasi-Real’. In Shafer-Landau, Russ (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, vol. 10 (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 273–96.
Elga, A. (2007) ‘Reflection and Disagreement’. Noûs, 41, 478502.
Eriksson, J. (2015) ‘Explaining Disagreement: A Problem for (Some) Hybrid Expressivists’. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 96, 3953.
Feldman, R. (2007) ‘Reasonable Religious Disagreements’. In Antony, Louise (ed.), Philosophers Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 194214.
Finlay, S. (2014) ‘The Pragmatics of Normative Disagreement’. In Fletcher, Guy and Ridge, Michael (eds.), Having it Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics (New York: Oxford University Press), 124–47.
Foley, R. (2001) Intellectual Trust in Ourselves and Others. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Frankfurt, H. (1971) ‘Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person’. The Journal of Philosophy, 68, 520.
Gibbard, A. (1990) Wise Choices, Apt Feelings. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gibbard, A. (2003) Thinking How to Live. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kelly, T. (2005) ‘The Epistemic Significance of Disagreement’. In Hawthorne, John and Gendler, Tamar (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology, vol. 1 (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 167–96.
Ridge, M. (2013) ‘Disagreement’. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 86, 4163.
Rosen, G. (2001) ‘Nominalism, Naturalism, Epistemic Relativism’. Philosophical Perspectives, 15, 6991.
Shemmer, Y. (2014) ‘On the Normative Authority of Others’. Philosophia, 42, 517–21.
Stevenson, C. L. (1944) Ethics and Language. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Velleman, J. D. (2000) The Possibility of Practical Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Related content

Powered by UNSILO

A Normative Theory of Disagreement



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.