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In this paper we study the variation of the $p$ -Selmer rank parities of $p$ -twists of a principally polarized Abelian variety over an arbitrary number field $K$ and show, under certain assumptions, that this parity is periodic with an explicit period. Our result applies in particular to principally polarized Abelian varieties with full $K$ -rational $p$ -torsion subgroup, arbitrary elliptic curves, and Jacobians of hyperelliptic curves. Assuming the Shafarevich–Tate conjecture, our result allows one to classify the rank parities of all quadratic twists of an elliptic or hyperelliptic curve after a finite calculation.

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Z. Klagsbrun , B. Mazur and K. Rubin , ‘Disparity in Selmer ranks of quadratic twists of elliptic curves’, Ann. of Math. (2) 178(1) (2013), 287320.

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P. Swinnerton-Dyer , ‘The effect of twisting on the 2-Selmer group’, Math. Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 145(3) (2008), 513526.

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Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society
  • ISSN: 1446-7887
  • EISSN: 1446-8107
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-australian-mathematical-society
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