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THE CRAMÉR–WOLD THEOREM ON QUADRATIC SURFACES AND HEISENBERG UNIQUENESS PAIRS

  • Karlheinz Gröchenig (a1) and Philippe Jaming (a2) (a3)
Abstract

Two measurable sets $S,\unicode[STIX]{x1D6EC}\subseteq \mathbb{R}^{d}$ form a Heisenberg uniqueness pair, if every bounded measure $\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}$ with support in $S$ whose Fourier transform vanishes on $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6EC}$ must be zero. We show that a quadratic hypersurface and the union of two hyperplanes in general position form a Heisenberg uniqueness pair in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ . As a corollary we obtain a new, surprising version of the classical Cramér–Wold theorem: a bounded measure supported on a quadratic hypersurface is uniquely determined by its projections onto two generic hyperplanes (whereas an arbitrary measure requires the knowledge of a dense set of projections). We also give an application to the unique continuation of eigenfunctions of second-order PDEs with constant coefficients.

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Journal of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu
  • ISSN: 1474-7480
  • EISSN: 1475-3030
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-institute-of-mathematics-of-jussieu
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