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Some Chorasmian and Khotanese Etymologies1

  • R. E. Emmerick

If everyone—so to speak—is now reading and quoting Chorasmian, the credit most fully belongs to J. Benzing. He has with this volume made available in a readily usable form the greater part of the linguistic material known to exist for Chorasmian, a very important but hitherto largely neglected Middle Iranian language.

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2 AM, N.S. I, 1955, 43.

3 The literature on Chorasmian is included in Benzing's “Vorbemerkungen”, pp. ix–xx. For the purposes of this article I have not felt it necessary to use more than the works by W. B. Henning. I have, however, checked a good number of Benzing's readings from the facsimile volume, Documents on Khorezmian culture, Part I: Muqaddimat al-Adah, with the translation in Khorezmian, ed. Zeki Velidi Togan, Istanbul, 1951. I have found his readings to be reasonably accurate.

Since this article was submitted I have received two further items of importance for Chorasmian studies, both by M. Schwartz, to whom I am grateful also for a generous supply of expert advice and information on matters Chorasmian. See now Schwartz, M., Studies in the texts of the Sogdian Christians, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1968, and his review of Bailey, H. W., KT 6, in JAOS, 89, 2, 1969, 444447.

4 References are to the Chorasmian glosses. The same Chorasmian gloss is often used to translate a variety of expressions in the original. References are not complete but by way of example.

5 See Ghilain, A., Essai sur la langue parthe, Louvain, 1939, 84; Boyce, M., The Manichaean hymn cycles in Parthian, 1954, 193.

6 hm-'rδn seems to have been overlooked by Mackenzie, D. N., BSOAS, XXXII, 2, 1969, 400, in deriving rδn from *darana-. rδ (y) n at 813 3478 4076 4774 follows a vowel.

1 This is a review article concerning Das chwaresmische Sprachmaterial einer Handschrift der “Muqaddimat al-Adab” von Zamaxšari, I: Text. By Johannes Benzing. pp. xx, 403. Wiesbaden, Franz Steiner Verlag, 1968. DM. 184.

The following abbreviations have been used: EVP = G. Morgenstierne, An etymological vocabulary of Pashto, Oslo, 1927; Hdb. = Handbuch der Orientalistik, iv: Iranistik, i: Linguistik, Leiden, 1958; IILF ii = G. Morgenstierne, Indo-Iranian Frontier languages, vol. ii: Iranian Pamir languages, Oslo, 1938; KT = Khotanese texts, ed. H. W. Bailey, vols. i–vi, Cambridge, 1945–67; SGS = R. E. Emmerick, Saka grammatical studies (London Oriental Series, vol. 20), O.U.P., 1968; Togan Volume = Zeki Velidi Togan'a Armağan, Istanbul, 1950–55.

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Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • ISSN: 1356-1863
  • EISSN: 1474-0591
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-royal-asiatic-society
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