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Comparative range use by three Atlantic Forest understorey bird species in relation to forest fragmentation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 May 2008

Miriam M. Hansbauer
Affiliation:
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Management, Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences, University of Freiburg, Tennenbacher Str. 4, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Ilse Storch
Affiliation:
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Management, Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences, University of Freiburg, Tennenbacher Str. 4, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Rafael G. Pimentel
Affiliation:
Institute of Biosciences, Department of Ecology (DESP), University of São Paulo, Rua do Matão, trav. 14, 321, 05508-901 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Jean Paul Metzger
Affiliation:
Institute of Biosciences, Department of Ecology (DESP), University of São Paulo, Rua do Matão, trav. 14, 321, 05508-901 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Corresponding

Abstract:

In this paper, we report on range use patterns of birds in relation to tropical forest fragmentation. Between 2003 and 2005, three understorey passerine species were radio-tracked in five locations of a fragmented and in two locations of a contiguous forest landscape on the Atlantic Plateau of São Paulo in south-eastern Brazil. Standardized ten-day home ranges of 55 individuals were used to determine influences of landscape pattern, season, species, sex and age. In addition, total observed home ranges of 76 individuals were reported as minimum measures of spatial requirements of the species. Further, seasonal home ranges of recaptured individuals were compared to examine site fidelity. Chiroxiphia caudata, but not Pyriglena leucoptera or Sclerurus scansor, used home ranges more than twice as large in the fragmented versus contiguous forest. Home range sizes of C. caudata differed in relation to sex, age, breeding status and season. Seasonal home ranges greatly overlapped in both C. caudata and in S. scansor. Our results suggest that one response by some forest bird species to habitat fragmentation entails enlarging their home ranges to include several habitat fragments, whereas more habitat-sensitive species remain restricted to larger forest patches.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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