Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Atmospheric deposition and net retention of ions by the canopy in a tropical montane forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica

  • KENNETH L. CLARK (a1), NALINI M. NADKARNI (a2), DOUGLAS SCHAEFER (a3) and HENRY L. GHOLZ (a1)
Abstract

Meteorological variables, bulk cloud water and precipitation (BCWP), and bulk precipitation (BP) were measured above the canopy, and throughfall (TF; n = 20) was collected beneath an epiphyte-laden canopy of a tropical montane forest (TMF) for 1 y at Monteverde, Costa Rica. Total deposition (cloud + wet + dry) of inorganic ions to the canopy was estimated using a sodium (Na+) mass balance technique. Annual BCWP and BP depths were 2678 mm and 1792 for events where mean windspeeds (u) ≥ 2 m s&supminus1;, and 4077 mm and 3191 mm for all events, respectively. Volume-weighted mean pH and concentrations of nitrate-N (NO3-N) and ammonium-N (NH4+-N) were 4.88, 0.09 and 0.09 mg l&supminus1; in BCWP, and 5.00, 0.05 and 0.05 mg l&supminus1; in BP, respectively. Cloud water and mist deposition to the canopy was estimated to be 356 mm. Estimated deposition of free acidity (H+), NO3-N, and NH4+-N to the canopy was 0.49, 3.4 and 3.4 kg ha&supminus1; y&supminus1;, respectively. Mean TF depth was 1054 ± 83 mm (mean ± S.E.) for events where u ≥ 2 m s&supminus1;, and 2068 ± 132 mm for all events. Volume-weighted mean pH and concentrations of NO3-N and NH4+-N in TF were 5.72, 0.04 mg l&supminus1;, and 0.07 mg l&supminus1;, respectively. Mean fluxes of H+, NO3-N, and NH4+-N in TF were 0.04 ± 0.01, 0.6 ± 0.2 and 1.3 ± 0.2 kg ha&supminus1; y&supminus1;, and percent net retention of these ions by the canopy was 92 ± 2, 80 ±6, and 61 ± 6%, respectively. Phosphate, potassium, calcium and magnesium were leached from the canopy. Seasonal data suggest that biomass burning increased concentrations of NO3 and NH4+ in cloud water and precipitation at the end of the dry season. Regardless, a large majority of the inorganic N in atmospheric deposition was retained by the canopy at this site.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed