Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 12
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Dechnik-Vázquez, Yanus A. Meave, Jorge A. Pérez-García, Eduardo A. Gallardo-Cruz, José A. and Romero-Romero, Marco Antonio 2016. The effect of treefall gaps on the understorey structure and composition of the tropical dry forest of Nizanda, Oaxaca, Mexico: implications for forest regeneration. Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 32, Issue. 02, p. 89.

    Souza, Flaviana M. Gandolfi, Sergius and Rodrigues, Ricardo R. 2014. Deciduousness Influences the Understory Community in a Semideciduous Tropical Forest. Biotropica, Vol. 46, Issue. 5, p. 512.

    Adie, Hylton and Lawes, Michael J. 2009. Explaining conifer dominance in Afrotemperate forests: Shade tolerance favours Podocarpus latifolius over angiosperm species. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 259, Issue. 2, p. 176.

    Montgomery, Rebecca A. Goldstein, Guillermo and Givnish, Thomas J. 2008. Photoprotection of PSII in Hawaiian lobeliads from diverse light environments. Functional Plant Biology, Vol. 35, Issue. 7, p. 595.

    Montgomery, Rebecca A. and Givnish, Thomas J. 2008. Adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology in the Hawaiian lobeliads: dynamic photosynthetic responses. Oecologia, Vol. 155, Issue. 3, p. 455.

    Leuchner, M. Menzel, A. and Werner, H. 2007. Quantifying the relationship between light quality and light availability at different phenological stages within a mature mixed forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 142, Issue. 1, p. 35.

    Capers, Robert S and Chazdon, Robin L 2004. Rapid assessment of understory light availability in a wet tropical forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 123, Issue. 3-4, p. 177.

    Wirth, Rainer Weber, Bettina and Ryel, Ronald J 2001. Spatial and temporal variability of canopy structure in a tropical moist forest. Acta Oecologica, Vol. 22, Issue. 5-6, p. 235.

    Coomes, David A. and Grubb, Peter J. 2000. IMPACTS OF ROOT COMPETITION IN FORESTS AND WOODLANDS: A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND REVIEW OF EXPERIMENTS. Ecological Monographs, Vol. 70, Issue. 2, p. 171.


    Ricard, Jean-Pierre and Messier, Christian 1996. Abundance, growth and allometry of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) along a natural light gradient in a northern hardwood forest. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 81, Issue. 1-3, p. 153.

    Vázquez-Yanes, Carlos and Orozco-Segovia, Alma 1994. Exploitation of Environmental Heterogeneity by Plants.


Canopy dynamics and light climates in a tropical moist deciduous forest in India

  • David W. Lee (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2009

The canopy dynamics and light climates within a 20 by 60 m quadrat were studied in a disturbed moist deciduous forest near Bombay, India. A map was drawn of individual trees within the quadrat, the taxa were identified, and their phenology was followed from November 1984 to July 1985. The quadrat contained 14 species, the most common being Tectona grandis, Terminalia tomentosa, Butea monosperma, Mitragyne parviflora and Albizia procera. Some individuals were in leaf at all times, more so at the moister east end of the quadrat. In November at the end of the rainy season, light measurements documented percentages of total daily photosynthetic photon fluence (PPF) at 10.0% of full sunlight; 44% of this flux was due to sun-flecks whose duration was approximately 17% of the daytime hours. Values for six sites were similar to mid-day measurements along a 40 m transect, and consistent with the 94% canopy cover of the sites, photographed with a fish-eye lens. The March dry season measurements revealed a more intense radiation environment (54% of solar PPF), and 59% of the photosynthetic photon flux density at mid-day along the transect. Canopy openings were increased to a mean of 59.4%. Light in the understorey in November was spectrally altered, with typical R:FR ratios of 0.30, compared to March values identical to those of sunlight, at 1.10.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

N. V. L. Brokaw 1985. Gap-phase regeneration in a tropical forest. Ecology 66:682687.

R. L. Chazdon & N. Fetcher 1984. Photosynthetic light environments in a lowland tropical rain forest in Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology 72:553564.

G. F. Frankie , H. G. Baker & P. A. Opler 1974. Comparative phenological studies of trees in tropical wet and dry forests in the lowlands of Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology 62:881919.

T. J. Herbert 1987. Area projections of fisheye photographic lenses: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 39:215223.

B. A Hutchison & D. R. Matt 1977. The distribution of solar radiation within a deciduous forest. Ecological Monographs 47:185207.

D. W. Lee 1987. The spectral distribution of radiation in two neotropical rainforests. Biotropica 19:161166.

D. Lieberman 1982. Seasonality and phenology in a dry tropical forest in Ghana. Journal of Ecology 70:791806.

P. G. Murphy & A. E. Lugo 1986. Ecology of tropical dry forest. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 17:6788.

R. W. Pearcy 1983. The light environment and growth of C3 and C4 species in the understory of a Hawaiian forest. Oecologia 58:1925.

R. Pinker 1980. The microclimate of a dry tropical forest. Agricultural Meteorology 22:249265.

W. E. Reifsnyder , G. M. Furnival & J. C. Horowitz 1970. Spatial and temporal distribution of solar radiation beneath forest canopies. Agricultural Meteorology 9:2137.

M. S. Ross , L. B. Flanagan & G. H. La Roi 1986. Seasonal and successional change in light quality and quantity in the understory of boreal forest ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Botany 64:27922799.

H. Smith 1982. Light quality, photoreception and plant strategy. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 33:481518.

R. Tasker & H. Smith 1977. The function of phytochrome in the natural environment. V. Seasonal changes in radiant energy quality. Photochemistry &Photobiology 26:487491.

T. R. Zapata & M. T. K. Arrayo 1978. Plant Reproductive Ecology Of A Secondary Deciduous Tropical Forest In Venezuela. Biotropica 10:221230.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *