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Effect of herbivore deterrence by ants on the fruit set of an extrafloral nectary plant, Qualea multiflora (Vochysiaceae)

  • Kleber Del-Claro (a1), Vanderlei Berto (a1) and Wilson Réu (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Corresponding author
1Departamento de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia.
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W. J. Boecklen 1984. The role of extrafloral nectaries in the herbivore defense of Cassia fasiculata. Ecological Entomology 9:243249.

F. M. C. B. Costa , A. T. Oliveira-Filho & P. S. Oliveira 1992. The role of extrafloral nectaries in Qualea grandiflora (Vochysiaceae) in limiting herbivory: an experiment of ant protection in cerrado vegetation. Ecological Entomology 17:363365.

K. Del-Claro & P. S. Oliveira 1993. Ant-homoptera interaction: do alternative sugar sources distract tending ants? Oikos 68:202206.

B. Fiala & U. Maschwitz 1991. Extrafloral nectaries in the genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) in Malaysia: comparative studies of their possible significance as predispositions for myrmecophytism. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 44:287305.

R. Goodland 1971. A physiognomic analysis of the cerrado vegetation of central Brazil. Journal of Ecology 59:411419.

C. C. Horvitz & D. W. Schemske 1984. Effects of ants and an ant-tended herbivore on seed production of a neotropical herb. Ecology 65:13691378.

S. Koptur 1984. Experimental evidence for defence of Inga (Mimosoidea) saplings by ants. Ecology 65:17871793.

D. J. O'Dowd & E. A. Catchpole 1983. Ants and extrafloral nectaries: no evidence for plant protection in Helichrysum spp.-ant interactions. Oecologia 59:191200.

P. S. Oliveira & H. F. Leitāo-Filho 1987. Extrafloral nectaries: their taxonomy, distribution and abundance in the wood flora of cerrado vegetation in Southeast Brazil. Biotropica 19:140148.

P. S. Oliveira , A. F. Silva & A. B. Martins 1987. Ant foraging on extrafloral nectaries of Qualea grandiflora (Vochysiaceae) in cerrado vegetation: ants as potential antiherbivore agents. Oecologia 74:228230.

D. W. Schemske 1982. Ecological correlates of a neotropical mutualism: ant assemblages at Costus extrafloral nectaries. Ecology 63:932941.

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