Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The small-mammal community of a dry-tropical forest in central Thailand

  • Susan Walker (a1) and Alan Rabinowitz (a2)

Small mammal live-trapping was carried out in a dry tropical forest mosaic in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, central Thailand. Trapping was done in two forest types in three seasons. Maxomys surijer was the dominant species in both plots. The three most abundant species in each plot accounted for > 90% of all captures. Community structure, density, relative abundance, biomass, age structure of populations, and habitat usage of some small mammal species varied by forest type and season. The dry evergreen/mixed deciduous forest type supported a greater abundance and biomass of small mammals than the mixed deciduous/dry dipterocarp forest type in all seasons, although species richness was the same. The greatest density, biomass, and home-range size for Maxomys surijer occurred in the rainy season in both forest types. Seasonal changes in ratios of adults and subadulls of several species suggested a breeding peak at the end of the dry season or beginning of the rainy season. The mixed deciduous/dry dipterocarp forest showed a drastic drop in numbers, density, and biomass of small mammals six weeks after a fire burned through it.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C. R. Byers , R. K. Steinhorst & P. R. Krausman 1984. Clarification of a technique for analysis of utilization-availability data. Journal of Wildlife Management 48(3):10501053.

D. Christian 1977. Effect of fire on small mammal populations in a desert grassland. Journal of Mammalogy 58:423427.

D. A. Clark 1982. Foraging behavior of a vertebrate omnivore (Rallus rattus): Meal structure, sampling, and diet breadth. Ecology 63:763772.

A. W. Crowner & G. W. Barrett 1979. Effects of fire on the small mammal component of an experimental grassland community. Journal of Mammalogy 60(4):803813.

L. H. Emmons 1984. Geographical variation in densities and diversities of non-flying mammals in Amazonia. Biotropica 16:210222.

T. H. Fleming 1970. Notes on the rodent faunas of two Panamanian forests. Journal of Mammalogy 51:473490.

T. H. Fleming 1973. The number of rodent species in two Costa Rican forests. Journal of Mammalogy 54:518521.

D. C. E. Happold & M. Happold 1989. Demography and habitat selection of small mammals on Zomba Plateau, Malawi. Journal of Zoology, London 219:581605.

J. L. Harrison 1955. Data on the reproduction of some Malayan mammals. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 125:445460.

J. L. Harrison 1957. Habitat of some Malayan rats. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 128:121.

J. L. Harrison 1958. Range of movement of some Malayan rats. Journal of Alammalogy 39:190206.

T. Kawamichi & M. Kawamichi 1979. Spatial organization and territory of tree shrews (Tupaia glis). Animal Behavior 27:381393.

N. P. E. Langham 1983. Distribution and ecology of small mammals in three rain forest localities of peninsular Malaysia with particular references to Kedah Peak. Biotropica 15:199206.

B. Lim 1970. Distribution, relative abundance, food habits, and parasite patterns of giant rats (Rattus) in West Malaysia. Journal of Mammalogy 51:730740.

G. G. Musser 1979. Definition and contents of the Sundaic genus Maxomys (Rodentia, Muridae). Journal of Mammalogy 60:592606.

M. J. O'Farrell & G. T. Austin 1978. A comparison of different trapping configurations with the assessment line technique for density estimations. Journal of Mammalogy 59:866868.

M. J. O'Farrell & D. W. Kaufman & D. W. Lundahl 1977. Use of live-trapping with the assessment line method for density estimation. Journal of Mammalogy 58:575582.

G. C. Sanderson & B. C. Sanderson 1964. Radio-tracking rats in Malaya – a preliminary study. Journal of Wildlife Management 28:752768.

P. Stott 1986. The spatial pattern of dry season fires in the savanna forests of Thailand. Journal of Biogeography 13:345358.

J. G. Yandenbergh 1963. Feeding, activity, and social behavior of the tree shrew (Tupaia glis), in a large outdoor enclosure. Folia Primalologica 1:199207.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 61 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.