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Energy loss of protons in hydrogen plasma

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 February 2018

R. Cheng*
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
X. Zhou
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
Y. Wang
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
Y. Lei
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
Y. Chen
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
X. Ma
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
G. Xiao
Affiliation:
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou 730000, China
Y. Zhao*
Affiliation:
School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China
J. Ren
Affiliation:
School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China
D. Huo
Affiliation:
School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China
H. Peng
Affiliation:
School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
S. Savin
Affiliation:
State Scientific Center Russian Federation – Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics of National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow 117259, Russia
R. Gavrilin
Affiliation:
State Scientific Center Russian Federation – Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics of National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow 117259, Russia National Research Nuclear University MEPHI (Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute) Kashirskoe shosse, 31,115409 Russia
I. Roudskoy
Affiliation:
State Scientific Center Russian Federation – Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics of National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow 117259, Russia National Research Nuclear University MEPHI (Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute) Kashirskoe shosse, 31,115409 Russia
A. Golubev
Affiliation:
State Scientific Center Russian Federation – Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics of National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow 117259, Russia National Research Nuclear University MEPHI (Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute) Kashirskoe shosse, 31,115409 Russia
*
Author for correspondence: Rui Cheng, E-mail: chengrui@impcas.ac.cn; Yongtao Zhao, E-mail: zhaoyongtao@xjtu.edu.cn
Author for correspondence: Rui Cheng, E-mail: chengrui@impcas.ac.cn; Yongtao Zhao, E-mail: zhaoyongtao@xjtu.edu.cn

Abstract

This paper reports the measurement of the energy loss of protons at the energy of 100 keV penetrating a partially ionized hydrogen plasma. The plasma of ne ≈ 1015–16 cm−3; Te ≈ 1–2 eV and lifetime of about 8 µs is created by the hydrogen gas discharge. The experimental results show an increase of a factor of 2.8 in the energy loss, which are in good agreement with the Bethe, Standard Stopping Model, Li–Petrasso and Vlasov models’ predictions within the error limit. The Bethe–Bloch Coulomb logarithm term is found to increase by a factor of 4.0 for free electrons as compared with the situation where bound electrons prevail. The potential application of protons energy loss for diagnosing the electron density in plasma is proposed too.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018 

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