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Laser–matter interactions: Inhomogeneous Richtmyer–Meshkov and Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 January 2016

Stjepan Lugomer*
Affiliation:
Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials and Sensing Devices, Bijenička c. 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Address correspondence and reprint request to: S. Lugomer, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials and Sensing Devices, Bijenička c. 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. E-mail: lugomer@irb.hr

Abstract

In this experimental study, the ablative Richtmyer–Meshkov (RM) and the Rayleigh–Taylor (RT) instabilities were generated by the laser pulse of Gaussian-like power profile. The initial multi-modal perturbation, the inhomogeneous momentum transfer and different Atwood numbers generate different shapes of spikes and bubbles in the central region (CR) and the near-central region (NCR) of the spot. A one-dimensional Gaussian-like power profile causes the formation of the wavy-like rows of aperiodic spikes. The periodic spike segments inside the rows appear due to locally coherent flow. In the NCR, the mushroom-shape spikes tend to the organization on the isotropic square and the anisotropic rhombic lattices. The increase of the lattice periods two, three, or four times indicates formation of superstructures. The growth of sharp asymmetric RM/RT spikes in the CR is fast, uncorrelated and linear, while the growth of the symmetric mushroom-shape ones in the NCR is slow, correlated, and nonlinear.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016 

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